Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Chippawa in Niagara Region, Ontario — Central Canada
 

Chippawa Battlefield Panel 2

Opening Strikes

 

—July 5, 1814 3:00 p.m. —

 
Chippawa Battlefield Panel 2 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 28, 2011
1. Chippawa Battlefield Panel 2 Marker
Inscription. At dawn 5 July 1814, parties of Canadian-Militia and British allied Native Warriors scouted the American camp. They began sniping from the bushes on the north side of Street's Creek and this continued throughout the morning. Around noon, General Brown ordered General Porter to take some of his men and end this harassing fire.

At about 2pm, Porter led his New York and Pennsylvania Militia and allied Warriors into the woods to the west, crossed the creek and drove the scouting parties through the woods towards the Chippawa River. General Brown rode to Ussher's Farm, where a forward company of the 21st U.S. was posted, in order to monitor Porter's progress. He noticed the tempo of fire in the woods change to disciplined volleys as British regular light infantry joined the battle. When Porter's troops reached the edge of the woods near the Chippawa River they found themselves within a few yards of the British army drawn up in the line of battle. Porter's men quickly withdrew to the cover of the woods.

Muskets
The smoothbore flintlock musket was the standard weapon of both armies. They fired a ball almost 3/4 of an inch across out to 300 meters (328 yards) but were only accurate to 75 meters (82 yards). If a soldier stood he could fire his muzzle loader four or five rounds a minute. The battle lines at Chippawa
Chippawa Battlefield Panel 2 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 28, 2011
2. Chippawa Battlefield Panel 2 Marker
Close-up view of the map on the historical marker.
stood for the fastest rate of fire and the two lines faced off at less than 75 paces at the range when the musket fire becomes accurate.

Cannons
The smoothbore cannons on both sides were using canister or case shot. Effective out to 400 meters (437 yards) each blast of a gun could unleash dozens of iron shot the size of golf balls. U.S. gunners won this battle by bringing their cannons (7 guns) against the British line and raking the length of the red coated line from both flanks.
 
Erected 2001 by The Niagara Parks Commission.
 
Location. 43° 3.138′ N, 79° 1.485′ W. Marker is near Chippawa, Ontario, in Niagara Region. Marker can be reached from Niagara River Parkway just west of Edgworth Road, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. This historical marker is located on the Canadian side of the Niagara River, a short distance south of Chippawa, Ontario, and opposite Navy Island, in the Chippawa Battlefield Park. This historical marker is part of the Chippawa Battlefield Park Walking Tour - and is one of six Plexiglass panels, that is freestanding in a row along the northern boundary of the park, approximately 15 yards from the Chippawa Battlefield Monument. Marker is in this post office area: Chippawa, Ontario L2E 6S6, Canada.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other
Chippawa Battlefield Panel 2 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 28, 2011
3. Chippawa Battlefield Panel 2 Marker
Close-up view of the text on the historic marker.
markers are within walking distance of this marker. Chippawa Battlefield Panel 3 (here, next to this marker); Chippawa Battlefield Panel 1 (here, next to this marker); Chippawa Battlefield Panel 4 (a few steps from this marker); Battle of Chippawa (a few steps from this marker); Chippawa Battlefield Panel 5 (a few steps from this marker); Chippawa Battlefield Panel 6 (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Battle of Chippawa (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named The Battle of Chippawa (about 150 meters away). Click for a list of all markers in Chippawa.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
 
Categories. Colonial EraNative AmericansWar of 1812
 
Chippawa Battlefield Panel 2 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 28, 2011
4. Chippawa Battlefield Panel 2 Marker
Close-up view of the second section of text on the historical marker.
Chippawa Battlefield Panel 2 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 28, 2011
5. Chippawa Battlefield Panel 2 Marker
View of the historical marker and a view of the area beyond the marker where the British forces came from when they attacked the American forces.
Chippawa Battlefield Park image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 28, 2011
6. Chippawa Battlefield Park
View of the historic monument, along with the Chippawa Battlefield Park Walking Tour pathway - and its six Plexiglass panels.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 533 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.   4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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