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Joanna in Laurens County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Belfast Plantation
 
Belfast Plantation Marker<br>Front Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, October 24, 2011
1. Belfast Plantation Marker
Front
 
Inscription.
[Front]
This Federal plantation house was built between 1786 and 1815 for John Simpson (1751-1815), merchant and planter. Simpson came to S.C. from England in 1786 and named Belfast after his birthplace in Ireland. A post office here was called Belfast by 1804. Simpson was the first of four generations representing Laurens County in the S.C. House of Representatives from 1797 to 1886.

[Reverse];
John Simpsonís grandson William Dunlap Simpson (1823-1890), born here, was a state representative and senator 1854-1863, and a Confederate officer and Congressman 1861-65. Simpson was lt. governor 1878-79, then governor 1879-1880, and was chief justice of the S.C. Supreme Court at his death. Belfast was acquired by the S.C. Department of Natural Resources in 2008.
 
Erected 2011 by Kenelm Winslow Chapter, S.C. Society of the Colonial Dames XVII Century. (Marker Number 30-16.)
 
Location. 34° 19.583′ N, 81° 50.983′ W. Marker is in Joanna, South Carolina, in Laurens County. Marker is on State Highway 56 south of State Highway 560, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Joanna SC 29351, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within 10 miles of this marker
 
Belfast Plantation Marker<br>Front Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, October 24, 2011
2. Belfast Plantation Marker
Front
 
, measured as the crow flies. Jefferson Davis Flight (approx. 3.9 miles away but has been reported missing); Bush River Church (approx. 5.2 miles away); Joanna Veterans' Memorial (approx. 6.4 miles away); Cross Hill Confederate Monument (approx. 7.8 miles away); Pinelawn Memory Gardens Veterans Monument (approx. 8.9 miles away); James Ferdinand Jacobs (approx. 9.3 miles away); The Reverend William Plumer Jacobs (approx. 9.7 miles away); Davison McDowell Douglas (approx. 9.7 miles away); Jacobs Hall (approx. 9.7 miles away); Presbyterian College Armed Forces Memorial (approx. 9.7 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Joanna.
 
Also see . . .
1. Help Preserve Historic Belfast Plantation. The Belfast Plantation is a unique and historic property located between the Enoree and Long Cane Ranger Districts of the Sumter National Forest and represents one of the largest blocks of forestland in the Piedmont. (Submitted on November 12, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

2. SCDNR Managed Lands. The Belfast Wildlife Management Area (WMA) is a 4,664-acre tract located ten miles northwest of Newberry on Highway 56 near the Kinards community. (Submitted on November 12, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

3. Federal Architecture. Federal-style architecture is the name for the classicizing architecture built in the United States between c. 1780 and 1830, and particularly from 1785 to 1815. (Submitted on November 12, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 
 
Belfast Plantation Marker<br>Reverse Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, October 24, 2011
3. Belfast Plantation Marker
Reverse
 

4. William Dunlap Simpson. William Dunlap Simpson (October 27, 1823 – December 26, 1890) was the 78th Governor of South Carolina from February 26, 1879, when the previous governor, Wade Hampton, resigned to take his seat in the U.S. Senate, until 1880, when Simpson resigned to become Chief Justice of the South Carolina Supreme Court. (Submitted on November 12, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 
 
Additional comments.
1. William Dunlap Simpson Papers Summary (University of N.C. Southern Historical Collection)
William Dunlap Simpson, lawyer of Laurens, S.C., served during the Civil War with the 14th S. C. Volunteers and in the Confederate Congress. In 1876, he was S.C. lieutenant governor, and, in 1878, was acting governor until he became chief justice of the state Supreme Court in 1880. He marrried Jane E. Young, daughter of Henry Clinton Young (b. 1794), lawyer of Laurens, and Lucy Melissa Young (1802-1874). William and Jane's children included William Dunlap, Jr., and Ernest, both lawyers, and John W., banker of Spartanburg, S.C., Greensboro, N.C., and Tennessee. John W. Simpson married Mabel Donald Fleming in 1895.

Correspondence and related items, 1819-1852, include family and business letters, including an 1849
 
Belfast Plantation Marker<br>Reverse Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, October 24, 2011
4. Belfast Plantation Marker
Reverse
 
letter describing the capture of a violent runaway slave in Alabama. There are also letters of Mary Owen Dean in Spartanburg, S.C., and her husband Hosea G. Dean, clerk of the S.C. House of Representatives, 1852-1853. Letters in the late 1850s relate to William Simpson's law practice. During the Civil War, most letters are from William in the field, 1861-1862, with the 14th S.C. Volunteers, or from Richmond in the Confederate Congress, to his wife Jane, in charge of the Simpson platnation in Laurens. In 1876-1879, there are letters to William requesting political favors and outlining political deals, among them a letter from Wade Hampton, and to state Democratic Party activities. Similar letters appear during Simpson's tenure as chief justice of the S.C. Supreme Court. After William's death, there are letters from his son Ernest from a sanitorium in Battle Creek, Mich., where he was trying to improve his health. Most letters, 1900-1942, relate to John W. Simpson's banking career or to Mabel Fleming Simpson's interest in the history of the Dean, Fleming, Simpson, Wade, and other families. Other items include a few writings by family members, who were particularly intent on defending old southern ways; legal notes; pictures of family members, including a strip of photographs of a baby with a nurse and a homemade calendar for 1899 with photographs of children; a copy of Tri-Weekly
 
Belfast Plantation Marker<br>Front, Looking North Along SC 56 Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, October 24, 2011
5. Belfast Plantation Marker
Front, Looking North Along SC 56
 
Guardian, an 1863 news sheet; and a copy of a history of the Gregg/McGowan South Carolina Brigade (1866).
    — Submitted November 12, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
 
Belfast Plantation Marker<br>Reverse, Looking South Along SC 56 Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, October 24, 2011
6. Belfast Plantation Marker
Reverse, Looking South Along SC 56
 
 
Belfast Plantation-<br>Front (East) Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, October 24, 2011
7. Belfast Plantation-
Front (East)
 
 
Belfast Plantation Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, October 24, 2011
8. Belfast Plantation
 
 
Belfast Plantation Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, October 24, 2011
9. Belfast Plantation
 
 
Belfast Plantation<br>Portico Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, October 24, 2011
10. Belfast Plantation
Portico
 
 
Belfast Plantation<br>Interior Bedroom Photo, Click for full size
Courtesy Sarah Jane Armstrong, October 15, 2011
11. Belfast Plantation
Interior Bedroom
 
 
Belfast Plantation<br>Interior Bedroom Photo, Click for full size
Courtesy Sarah Jane Armstrong, October 15, 2011
12. Belfast Plantation
Interior Bedroom
 
 
Belfast Plantation<br>Interior Bedroom Photo, Click for full size
Courtesy Sarah Jane Armstrong, October 15, 2011
13. Belfast Plantation
Interior Bedroom
 
 
Belfast Plantation<br>Interior Bedroom Photo, Click for full size
Courtesy Sarah Jane Armstrong, October 15, 2011
14. Belfast Plantation
Interior Bedroom
 
 
William Dunlap Simpson<br>October 27, 1823 – December 26, 1890 Photo, Click for full size
South Carolina Department of Archives and History, circa 1870
15. William Dunlap Simpson
October 27, 1823 – December 26, 1890
S.C. House of Rep 1854-1856, 1858-1860
S.C. Senate 1860-1863
C.S.A. House of Rep 1863-1865
Lt. Gov. of S.C. 1876-1879
Gov. of S.C. 1879-1880
Chief Justice of the S.C. Supreme Court 1880-1890
 
 
Belfast Plantation Marker Dedication Photo, Click for full size
Courtesy Sarah Jane Armstrong, October 15, 2011
16. Belfast Plantation Marker Dedication
The marker was unveiled on October 15, 2011.
 
 
Belfast Plantation Marker Dedication Photo, Click for full size
Courtesy Sarah Jane Armstrong, October 15, 2011
17. Belfast Plantation Marker Dedication
 
 
Belfast Plantation Marker Dedication Photo, Click for full size
Courtesy Sarah Jane Armstrong, October 15, 2011
18. Belfast Plantation Marker Dedication
 
 
Belfast Plantation Marker Dedication Photo, Click for full size
Courtesy Sarah Jane Armstrong, October 15, 2011
19. Belfast Plantation Marker Dedication
 
 
Belfast Plantation Marker Dedication Photo, Click for full size
Courtesy Sarah Jane Armstrong, October 15, 2011
20. Belfast Plantation Marker Dedication
 
 
Belfast Plantation Marker Dedication Photo, Click for full size
Courtesy Sarah Jane Armstrong, October 15, 2011
21. Belfast Plantation Marker Dedication
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on November 12, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 852 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21. submitted on November 12, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
 
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