“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Caldwell in Sumner County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)

Caldwell and the Chisholm Trail

Caldwell and the Chisholm Trail Marker image. Click for full size.
November 5, 2011
1. Caldwell and the Chisholm Trail Marker
Inscription. A mile southeast of this marker the Chisholm Trail entered Kansas. It took its name from Jesse Chisholm, Indian trader, whose route lay between the North Canadian river and present Wichita. In 1867 it was extended from the Red river to Abilene when the building of the Union Pacific gave Texas cattle an Eastern market. Over this long trail more than a million head were driven before the Santa Fe built south and brought the drives to Newton, 1871, and the next year to Wichita. Incoming setters in Kansas soon fenced off the land and by 1876, drovers had abandoned the trail. In 1880, however, the railroad built to Caldwell, one mile north, and drives were resumed. It is estimated that two million longhorns were driven across the prairie here on a road that in many places was a quarter of a mile wide and as bare as a modern highway.
Erected by Kansas Historical Society and the Kansas Department of Transportation. (Marker Number 65.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Kansas Historical Society marker series.
Location. 37° 0.45′ N, 97° 36.4′ W. Marker is near Caldwell, Kansas, in Sumner County. Marker is on U.S. 81, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Caldwell KS 67022, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Ghost Riders of the Chisholm Trail (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Grand Opera House (approx. 1.6 miles away); The Legend of Mount Lookout / Gunfire Kills Lawman (approx. 1.6 miles away); Caldwell "The Border Queen" / On This Site (approx. 1.6 miles away); Chisholm Trail (approx. 1.6 miles away); The Stock Exchange Bank (approx. 1.6 miles away); Chisholm (approx. 1.6 miles away); The Railroad Influence (approx. 1.7 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Caldwell.
Also see . . .  Kansas Historical Markers. (Submitted on November 14, 2011.)
Categories. AnimalsRailroads & StreetcarsSettlements & Settlers
Credits. This page originally submitted on . This page has been viewed 515 times since then and 100 times this year. Photo   1. submitted on . • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Editor’s want-list for this marker. A wide shot of the marker and its surroundings. • Can you help?
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