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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Deadwood in Lawrence County, South Dakota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

Gold Discovery in the Great Sioux Reservation

 
 
Gold Discovery in the Great Sioux Reservation Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 23, 2009
1. Gold Discovery in the Great Sioux Reservation Marker
Inscription. Gold sparkled in the prospector’s pan – the first discovery of the mineral in Deadwood Gulch. Exactly who the prospector was -- or the date and place of the discovery – is open to question. It is generally agreed that the Frank Bryant party found the gold in August 1875 on Whitewood Creek, probably 100 yards downstream from this spot. Word of the discovery spread quickly, and within months miners crowded into the gulch along Whitewood and Deadwood Creeks.

The Deadwood miners were part of the Black Hills gold rush which Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer triggered in 1874. His military expedition on the Sioux reservation had confirmed earlier rumors of gold. Prospectors swarmed to the Black Hills, in spite of government attempts to keep them out of the Indian territory. Early prospectors kept their activities secret, which contributes to the mystery surrounding the Deadwood Gulch discovery. The miner’s presence remained illegal until the Sioux treaty was ratified in February 1877.
[Photo credit:] South Dakota State Historical Society
 
Erected by Deadwood Historic Preservation Commission. (Marker Number 1.)
 
Location. 44° 22.496′ N, 103° 43.788′ W. Marker is in Deadwood, South Dakota, in

Whitewood Creek image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 23, 2009
2. Whitewood Creek
Lawrence County. Marker is at the intersection of Pine Street and Siever Street on Pine Street. Click for map. This marker is adjacent to the "Gold in the Gulch" marker. Marker is in this post office area: Deadwood SD 57732, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Gold in the Gulch (a few steps from this marker); Civic Stability (within shouting distance of this marker); Riches from Mud (within shouting distance of this marker); Bonanza in the Hills (within shouting distance of this marker); Sherman Street and the East Side (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Waite Block Annex (about 500 feet away); Wild Bill (about 500 feet away); Serving the Black Hills (about 500 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Deadwood.
 
Also see . . .  Black Hills Expedition (1874). (Submitted on November 19, 2011, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.)
 
Categories. ExplorationSettlements & Settlers
 
Proclamation expelling all unauthorized citizens from the Black Hills image. Click for full size.
July 23, 2009
3. Proclamation expelling all unauthorized citizens from the Black Hills
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 730 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.   3. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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