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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Glasgow in Rockbridge County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Indian and Settler Conflict

 
 
Indian and Settler Conflict Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, September 18, 2011
1. Indian and Settler Conflict Marker
Inscription. On 18 Dec. 1742, the first known clash between Indians and colonial settlers in Rockbridge County took place near the mouth of the Maury River. Iroquois en route south from Pennsylvania encountered pioneers led by Capt. John McDowell. Although accounts differ on how the conflict arose, it resulted in the deaths of more than seventeen Indians and settlers including McDowell. To avert a war, Lieutenant Governor George Thomas, of Pennsylvania, mediated the conflict in 1744 with the Treaty of Lancaster. It was decided that Lieutenant Governor William Gooch, of Virginia, would pay the Iroquois a reparation of 100 pounds.
 
Erected 2000 by Department of Historic Resources. (Marker Number L-10.)
 
Location. 37° 37.943′ N, 79° 26.373′ W. Marker is in Glasgow, Virginia, in Rockbridge County. Marker is at the intersection of Glasgow Highway (U.S. 501) and Wert Faulkner Highway (Virginia Route 130), on the right when traveling south on Glasgow Highway. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Glasgow VA 24555, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Frank Padget (approx. 0.6 miles away); Frank Padget Water Tragedy
Indian and Settler Conflict Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, September 18, 2011
2. Indian and Settler Conflict Marker
(approx. 0.6 miles away); Amherst County/Rockbridge County (approx. 1.8 miles away); The Courage Of Frank Padget (approx. 1.8 miles away); Falling Spring Presbyterian Church (approx. 4.7 miles away); Natural Bridge (approx. 5.7 miles away); a different marker also named Natural Bridge (approx. 5.7 miles away); George Washington (approx. 5.8 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Glasgow.
 
More about this marker. This marker replaced an earlier marker erected in the 1920s with the same number but titled “First Indian Fight” which read, “The first clash between settlers and Indians in Rockbridge County occurred near here, December 18, 1742. Captain John McDonald led the settlers; the Indians were Iroquois.”
 
Also see . . .  Treaty of Lancaster. Wikipedia entry. “Colonial governments were unable to prevent white settlers from moving beyond the Blue Ridge and into the Shenandoah Valley in the 1730s. When the Iroquois objected, they were told that the agreed demarcation was to prevent their trespassing east of the Blue Ridge, but not to prevent the English from expanding west of them. In 1743 the Iroquois skirmished with some Valley settlers. The Iroquois were on the verge of declaring total war on the Virginia Colony when Governor Gooch paid them the sum of 100 pounds sterling for any settled land in the Valley which they claimed. The following year at the Treaty of Lancaster, the Iroquois sold all their remaining claim to the Shenandoah Valley for 200 pounds in gold.” (Submitted on November 25, 2011.) 
 
Categories. Colonial EraNative AmericansSettlements & Settlers
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 427 times since then and 15 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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