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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Coatesville in Chester County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Lukens Mill - Early 1900s

The Lukens National Historic District

 
 
The Lukens Mill - Early 1900s Marker image. Click for full size.
By Eric Milask, August 31, 2011
1. The Lukens Mill - Early 1900s Marker
Inscription. In 1891 Lukens installed its first two open hearth furnaces which were then quickly upgraded and complemented by four new 35-tons for a total of six. Lukens poured its first heat of steel on February 25, 1892. In 1899 a 48" Universal mill was added. It could roll plates 8" wide to 48" wide with lengths of 100'. Also in 1899, Open Hearth #2 plant was built, adding six 50-ton furnaces for a total of 12.

In 1903 another rolling mill was put into operation, larger than any of its predecessors at that time, with rolls 140" long, making the widest plates of any mill in the country. It also had four furnaces and the capability of shearing plates 2' thick. In 1904 the 134" mill was reduced to the 112" mill with rolls 36" in diameter. It could then roll plates 108" wide. About 1904-1905, Lukens added four more 50-ton furnaces to Open Hearth #2 for a total of 16.

In 1916 Lukens built its 204" rolling mill and then enlarged it to 206" in 1918, giving Lukens the distinction for many years of having the world's largest plate mill. It is a four-high rolling mill, with two working rolls 34" in diameter that directly contact the plate. Reinforcing those are two back-up rolls 50" in diameter. This mill has eight gas-fired furnaces keeping the plates hot during rolling. It is still in operation today.

In 1918 Open Hearth Shop #3 was built,

Marker Text image. Click for full size.
By Eric Milask, August 31, 2011
2. Marker Text
between the #2 shop and Main St., containing eight 100-ton Open Hearth furnaces for a plant total of 24.
 
Location. 39° 58.86′ N, 75° 49.382′ W. Marker is in Coatesville, Pennsylvania, in Chester County. Marker can be reached from S. 1st Street 0.1 miles south of Harmony Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Coatesville PA 19320, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Lukens Mill - Late 1800s (within shouting distance of this marker); The Modern Mill (within shouting distance of this marker); Charles Lukens Huston House (within shouting distance of this marker); Charles Lukens Huston House Site (within shouting distance of this marker); Terracina (within shouting distance of this marker); Brandywine Iron Works - Early 1800s (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Brandywine Mansion (about 400 feet away); Lukens Executive Office Building (about 400 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Coatesville.
 
Regarding The Lukens Mill - Early 1900s. There are a series of these markers scattered throughout this small historic district, especially in front of all the contributing structures, including this one. A tour of this company/historic district will demonstrate what an early 20th century steel
The Lukens Plant image. Click for full size.
By Eric Milask, August 31, 2011
3. The Lukens Plant
mill looked like. The area is remarkably preserved thanks in part to the Graystone Society and the mill still being in active use.
 
Also see . . .
1. NRHP nomination form for the Lukens Historic District. This is the official document submitted to the NPS for NRHP consideration complete with narratives and anecdotes for the history and all contributing structures to the historic district. (Submitted on December 19, 2011, by Eric Milask of Cherry Hill, New Jersey.) 

2. Lukens Historic District - Official Site (locally maintained). Self-promoting website to engage and educate visitors and promote tourism. (Submitted on December 19, 2011, by Eric Milask of Cherry Hill, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. Industry & Commerce
 
The Lukens Mill - Early 1900s Marker II image. Click for full size.
By Eric Milask, August 31, 2011
4. The Lukens Mill - Early 1900s Marker II
Plant & Marker image. Click for full size.
By Eric Milask, August 31, 2011
5. Plant & Marker
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Eric Milask of Cherry Hill, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 309 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Eric Milask of Cherry Hill, New Jersey. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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