Near Kanwaka in Douglas County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Lecompton, Capital of Kansas Territory
In 1855 the new town of Lecompton was named the capital of Kansas Territory. President James Buchanan appointed a governor and officials to establish government offices in Lecompton, and construction began on an elegant capitol building. In the fall of 1857 a convention met in Constitution Hall and drafted the famous Lecompton Constitution, which would have admitted Kansas as a slave state. The constitution was rejected after intense national debate and was one of the prime topics of the Lincoln-Douglas debates. The controversy contributed to the growing dispute soon to erupt in civil war. The Lecompton Constitution failed, in part, because the antislavery party won control of the territorial legislature in the election of 1857. The new legislature met in Constitution Hall, now a National Historic Landmark, and immediately began to abolish the proslavery laws. The victorious free-state leaders chose Topeka as capital when Kansas became a state in 1861.
Erected by Kansas Department of Transportation and State Historical Society. (Marker Number 40.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Kansas Historical Society marker series.
Location. 38° 59.606′ N, 95° 23.444′ W. Marker Click for map. Marker is at the roadside rest area. Marker is in this post office area: Lawrence KS 66049, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Coon Point (here, next to this marker); Lane University (approx. 3.5 miles away); Lecompton Constitution Hall (approx. 3.6 miles away); First United Brethren in Christ Church in Kansas (approx. 5.2 miles away); Kansa Indians (approx. 5.8 miles away); a different marker also named Lecompton (approx. 6.7 miles away); Unknown Dead (approx. 7.5 miles away); Pioneer Cemetery (approx. 7.5 miles away).
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
Also see . . .
1. Historic Lecompton. (Submitted on December 19, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
2. The Lecompton Constitution. (Submitted on December 19, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
3. Popular Sovereignty and the Lecompton Constitution: A Middle School Lesson Plan. (Submitted on December 19, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
4. Lincoln-Douglas Debate Over the Lecompton Constitution. (Submitted on December 19, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
Categories. • Politics • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page has been viewed 380 times since then and 45 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.