“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Philadelphia in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Philadelphia Exchange


—Independence Hall National Historical Park —

Philadelphia Exchange Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, May 14, 2010
1. Philadelphia Exchange Marker
Oval on the upper left of this interpretive panel invites you to call +1-267-519-4295 and enter the Building Number, 28, to hear a brief history of the building.
Inscription. The magnificent building in front of you testifies to 19th Century Philadelphia’s importance as a financial hub. The Philadelphia (Merchants’) Exchange opened in 1834, and stood in the commercial heart of the city. Merchants, manufacturers, brokers and shipmasters all gathered here to trade stocks and commodities, and to learn the latest business news.

The Exchange has been called architect William Strickland’s “Philadelphia Masterpiece.” Strickland, who broke with British traditions and became a leader in Greek Revival architecture, also designed the Second Bank of the United States on Chestnut Street, and the Tennessee state capitol in Nashville.

The Philadelphia Exchange has been restored on the exterior only. The building is not open to the public.

“It is indeed a superb classic building, a credit to the skill of its architect, Mr. Strickland, . . . and a lasting monument of the enterprise and liberality of our Merchants, and an ornament to Philadelphia.” —Bricknell’s Counterfeit Detector, 1834.
Erected by
Philadelphia Exchange and Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, May 14, 2010
2. Philadelphia Exchange and Marker
Independence National Historical Park. (Marker Number 28.)
Location. 39° 56.848′ N, 75° 8.735′ W. Marker is in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia County. Marker is on Dock Street near Walnut and South 3rd Streets, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. It is across the cobblestones to the right of the building. Marker is in this post office area: Philadelphia PA 19106, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The City Tavern (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Hannah Callowhill Penn (about 400 feet away); Mechanics' Union of Trade Associations (about 400 feet away); Thomas Bond House (about 400 feet away); “Evangeline” (about 400 feet away); “Common Sense” (about 400 feet away); Fraunces Tavern (about 500 feet away); First Continental Congress (about 500 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Philadelphia.
More about this marker. Marker has an engraving captioned “View of the east side of the Philadelphia (Merchants’) Exchange in 1840” and a portrait
Closeup of the 1840 Engraving on the Marker image. Click for full size.
3. Closeup of the 1840 Engraving on the Marker
of “William Strickland, Architect.”
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. These are markers at the locations of Merchant Exchanges throughout the years. Today the Philadelphia Exchange is in Center City at 19th and Market Streets.
Also see . . .  Philadelphia's Merchants Moved from Coffee House to Tavern to This “Temple of Commerce”. Excerpt: “The Exchange Room in the curved section of the building was remarkable. It had a mosaic floor, domed ceiling supported on marble columns, and frescoes on the walls and ceiling. The fresco painter was Nicola Monachesi who had executed frescoes in many of Philadelphia’s Roman Catholic churches. Real-estate dealing, auctions, and business transactions of all kinds took place in this room, where shipping reports and both local and from all over the world were posted. Inside the building was a post office. further, many marine insurance companies with names like the Delaware No. 3 had offices in the building. Architect Strickland retained an office for himself at the Exchange. Naturally some space was given over to a coffee shop.” (Submitted on January 1, 2012.)
Philadelphia Merchants’ Exchange image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, May 14, 2010
4. Philadelphia Merchants’ Exchange
Walnut Street is on the left. Dock street curves from front to right around the building.
Categories. Industry & Commerce
3rd and Walnut Façades image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, May 14, 2010
5. 3rd and Walnut Façades
The colonade at the 3rd Street entrance faces left. Walnut Street runs right to left in this photograph.
Philadelphia Exchange Circa 1838 image. Click for full size.
By John Caspar Wild, 1838
6. Philadelphia Exchange Circa 1838
From the 1838 book Views of Philadelphia and its vicinity.
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 341 times since then and 51 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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