“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Sterling in Logan County, Colorado — The American Mountains (Southwest)

The Overland Trail

The Overland Trail Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, December 8, 2011
1. The Overland Trail Marker
[Captions: map, upper right] Courtesy Nell Brown Propst, from her book Forgotten People: A History of the South Platte Trail [lower left] Above: Sterling, Colorado, 1936. Colorado Historical Society; Right: In a photograph taken near Sterling, a family poses in front of a sod house built about1860. Colorado Historical Society.
Inscription. Call it the Pikes Peak Trail, the Denver Road, Overland Trail, or the South Platte River Trail – by any name, it dominated the movement of people and goods in Colorado between 1858 and 1867 and ranks with the great trails of American history. Travelers caught the pioneer highway at departure points dotting the Missouri River, then rolled along the Platte River through Nebraska to Julesburg, Colorado, where they turned to follow the river’s south fork to Denver, only 180 miles distant. During it heyday, the road carried perhaps 166,000 people, fortune-seekers mostly, but merchants, settlers, and homesteaders, too. In 1866, however, the Union Pacific Railroad chugged its way west to Julesburg, heralding the end of an era. By 1881, when railheads like Sterling greeted the newest engine of settlement, the trail had become only a memory.

“Old” Sterling dates to the early 1870s, when displaced southern families moved in and planted fields of wheat. Later, “new: Sterling flourished as a rail, ranching, and farming community. Here on the treeless high plains, settlers found shelter in sod houses – universally and affectionately called “soddies.” One pioneer remembered: “The great thickness of the walls and their perfect joining with the early itself provided a shelter so

The Overland Trail Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, December 8, 2011
2. The Overland Trail Marker
cozy and proof against the extremes of either heat or cold that [no one] who had once lived in one cared to abandon it completely.” Living in their earthen homes, these sodbusters created the great South Platte farm belt stretching from Denver to Julesburg, with Sterling at its very heart. Though cattle were the mainstay of the region’s economy, in the early 1900s sugar beets emerged as a major crop. Sterling’s population boomed again in the 1950s when oil was discovered. From trail days to today, Sterling continues to play an important role in northeastern Colorado.
Erected 1999 by Colorado Historical Society. (Marker Number 227.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the History Colorado marker series.
Location. 40° 37.211′ N, 103° 10.81′ W. Marker is in Sterling, Colorado, in Logan County. Marker is at the intersection of County Road 370 and U.S. 6 on County Road 370. Click for map. This marker is located in front of the Visitor's Center. Marker is at or near this postal address: 13074 County Road 370, Sterling CO 80751, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 7 other markers are within 16 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Indian Wars 1864-1869 (here, next to this marker); Valley Station (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); "Dinkey Engine" (approx. 1.6 miles away); Sterling’s First Public School (approx. 2.4 miles away); William Shaw Hadfield (approx. 4 miles away); Battle of Summit Springs (approx. 7.4 miles away); Fort Wicked (approx. 16.1 miles away).
Also see . . .
1. Overland Trail - Wikipedia. (Submitted on January 1, 2012, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.)
2. Overland Trail Museum - Sterling, CO. (Submitted on January 5, 2012, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.)
Categories. Roads & VehiclesSettlements & Settlers
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 504 times since then and 102 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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