“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Sterling in Logan County, Colorado — The American Mountains (Southwest)

Indian Wars 1864-1869

Indian Wars 1864-1869 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, December 8, 2011
1. Indian Wars 1864-1869 Marker
[Captons: top left] Sand Creek Massacre by Robert Lindneux. The Sand Creek Massacre united the Plains tribes in an unprecedented war against white soldiers and civilians along the South Platte River. The war ended with the tragic Battle of Summit Springs. Colorado Historical Society. [bottom right] Above: “Fighting the Wolf Men” form the Cheyenne Dog Soldier Ledgerbook. Found in the aftermath of the Battle of Summit Springs was a ledgerbook of colored drawings depicting the conflict on the plains, 1865. Rendered by Cheyenne warrior-artists, this image shows Chief Tall Bull and Wolf with Plenty of Hair. Both men were killed at Summit Springs. Colorado Historical Society; Left: William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody, c. 1867. Colorado Historical Society.
Inscription. In November 1864, in southeastern Colorado, U.S. Volunteers troops attacked Black Kettle’s peaceful band of Cheyenne Indians at Sand Creek. In retaliation for the massacre and mutilation of 163 Cheyenne men, women, and children, Cheyenne warriors with their Arapaho and Sioux allies struck military and civilian targets along the South Platte River Trail. On January 7, 1865, 1,500 warriors attacked stage and telegraph stations, ranches, and wagon trains on a 100-mile front between Julesburg, Colorado – approximately fifty-five miles northeast of Sterling – and Denver. These great South Platte River raids closed Denver to the outside world and resulted in over 250 army and civilian deaths, diverted 8,000 Union troops from Civil War battle lines in the East, and cost the government some $30 million.

Battle of Summit Springs
July 11, 1869

Fifteen miles south of here at Summit Springs, the Fifth U.S. Cavalry, commanded by Maj. E.A. Carr, and a force of Pawnee Scouts attacked Chief Tall Bull’s Cheyenne Dog Soldier camp. Also prominent in the fight was chief of scouts William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody and the famed North brothers – Maj. Frank North and Capt. Luther North. When the fighting was over, fifty-two Cheyennes lay dead. The Battle of Summit Springs – a great victory for the army – broke the military power of the Dog Soldiers and ended Indian-white conflict on Colorado’s eastern plains. Shortly after the battle the United States removed the Southern Cheyennes to reservation lands in present west-central Oklahoma.
Erected 1999

Indian Wars 1864-1869 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, December 8, 2011
2. Indian Wars 1864-1869 Marker
by Colorado Historical Society. (Marker Number 227.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the History Colorado marker series.
Location. 40° 37.212′ N, 103° 10.807′ W. Marker is in Sterling, Colorado, in Logan County. Marker is on County Road 370 near U.S. 6. Click for map. This marker is located in front of the Visitor's Center. Marker is at or near this postal address: 13074 County Road 370, Sterling CO 80751, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 7 other markers are within 16 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Overland Trail (here, next to this marker); Valley Station (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); "Dinkey Engine" (approx. 1.6 miles away); Sterling’s First Public School (approx. 2.4 miles away); William Shaw Hadfield (approx. 4 miles away); Battle of Summit Springs (approx. 7.4 miles away); Fort Wicked (approx. 16.1 miles away).
Also see . . .
1. Summit Springs Battlefield. (Submitted on January 1, 2012, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.)
2. Battle of Summit Springs. (Submitted on January 1, 2012, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.)
Categories. Wars, US Indian
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 835 times since then and 163 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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