Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Charleston in Charleston County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

14 George Street

Middleton-Pinckney House

 

—circa 1796 —

 
14 George Street   Middleton-Pinckey House Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, December 29, 2011
1. 14 George Street   Middleton-Pinckey House Marker
Inscription.
This three-story, masonry residence set on a raised basement was begun circa 1796 by Mrs. Frances Motte Middleton, daughter of Jacob and Rebecca Motte. The house was completed by Mrs. Middleton and her second husband and former brother-in-law, Major General Thomas Pinckney, whom she married in 1797. In addition to his military service, Pinckney served as President George Washington’s Minister to the Court of St. James and in 1796 made an unsuccessful bid for vice president of the United States.

When constructed, the Middleton-Pinckney House sat on a bluff beside a large creek to the north that was later filled to accommodate Calhoun Street. Based on the cruciform plan in the Neoclassical style, this stucco over brick house with hipped roof has a polygonal front projection, which provides oval rooms on each floor, and a truncated rear projection that contains a winding staircase. The understated main entrance is in a portal on the basement level and is framed by white marble columns and a simple marble entablature. Marble flat arches top the six-over-six light windows on the George Street facade with fan shaped voussoirs. Two marble belt courses break the vertical lines at the upper stories.

In 1880 the building was sold to the Water Works Company which later became the Charleston Commissioners of Public
14 George Street   Middleton-Pinckey House image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, December 29, 2011
2. 14 George Street   Middleton-Pinckey House
Works (CPW). The CPW constructed a reservoir at the rear of the site. The reservoir was later converted for use as a public swimming pool until it was closed in the 1960s. A two million-gallon capacity pump and offices occupied the main house. A water tower stood on the west side of the house.

In 1988 the building became the headquarters for the Spoleto Festival U.S.A. In 2002 the City of Charleston donated the Middleton-Pinckney House to the Festival which rehabilitated the building with major support from the William E. Murray family. The garden, designed by Sheila Wertimer, was created with the support of Marion and Wayland Cato.

 
Erected 2004 by Preservation Society of Charleston.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the South Carolina, Preservation Society of Charleston marker series.
 
Location. 32° 47.133′ N, 79° 55.946′ W. Marker is in Charleston, South Carolina, in Charleston County. Marker is on George Street, on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Located between Anson Street and Meeting Street. Marker is at or near this postal address: 14 George Street, Charleston SC 29401, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Washington Light Infantry 1907 (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct
14 George Street   Middleton-Pinckey House and Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, December 29, 2011
3. 14 George Street   Middleton-Pinckey House and Marker
line); St. Stephen's Episcopal Church (about 500 feet away); Dr. Joseph Johnson House   (about 600 feet away); Harleston Boags Funeral Home (about 600 feet away); Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church (about 700 feet away); Emanuel A.M.E. Church (about 700 feet away); Emanuel AME Church (about 700 feet away); William C. McElheran House (about 800 feet away); St. Peter's Catholic Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Moses C. Levy House (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Charleston.
 
Regarding 14 George Street. In 1826 the house left family hands, and the owners have changed numerous times. Once the mansion served as the headquarters of Charleston city water works and recently served as the office for Charleston’s world-famous Spoleto festival,(one of the world's major performing arts festivals).
 
Also see . . .
1. American Revolution. org; Rebecca Motte. When an attack upon Charleston was apprehended, and every man able to render service was
14 George Street   Middleton-Pinckey House image. Click for full size.
Historic American Buildings Survey, Library of Congress
4. 14 George Street   Middleton-Pinckey House
Historic American Engineering Record : Habs SC,10-CHAR,98--6
summoned to aid in throwing up intrenchments for the defence of the city, Mrs. Motte, who had lost her husband at an early period of the war, and had no son to perform his duty to the country, despatched a messenger to her plantation, and ordered down to Charleston every male slave capable of work. Providing each, at her own expense, with proper implements, and a soldier's rations, she placed them at the disposal of the officer in command. The value of this unexpected aid was enhanced by the spirit which prompted the patriotic offer. (Submitted on January 2, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 

2. Southern Graves-From the Life of General Thomas Pinckney. During the Siege of Charleston, Pinckney was stationed at the Horn redoubt, a mason fortification built along King Street. A piece of it still remains today. (Submitted on January 2, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 

3. Thomas Pinckney. Thomas Pinckney (October 23, 1750 – November 2, 1828) was an early American statesman, diplomat and veteran of both the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. (Submitted on June 19, 2012, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 
 
14 George Street   Middleton-Pinckey House, rear view image. Click for full size.
Historic American Buildings Survey, Charles N. Bayless, circa 1978
5. 14 George Street   Middleton-Pinckey House, rear view
Historic American Engineering Record: Habs SC,10-CHAR,98--9
Mrs. Jacob Motte (Rebecca Brewton), as mentioned image. Click for full size.
Jeremiah Theus , The Metropolitan Museum of Art, circa 1758
6. Mrs. Jacob Motte (Rebecca Brewton), as mentioned
Thomas Pinckney<br>October 23, 1750 – November 2, 1828 image. Click for full size.
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, `
7. Thomas Pinckney
October 23, 1750 – November 2, 1828
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 790 times since then and 21 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement