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Near Daviston in Tallapoosa County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
 

They Fought to the Last

Horseshoe Bend National Military Park

 
 
They Fought to the Last Marker image. Click for full size.
By TRCP Alliance, June 16, 2011
1. They Fought to the Last Marker
Inscription.
By dark, more than 800 Red Stick warriors were dead and at least 350 women and children were prisoners. Jackson's army suffered 154 men wounded and 49 killed. The Battle of Horseshoe Bend effectively ended the Creek Indian War. Five months later, with the Treaty of Fort Jackson, the Creeks ceded to the United States nearly 23 million acres of land in what is now Alabama and Georgia.

No other evening will come, bringing to [my] eyes the rays of the setting sun upon the home [I have] left forever!
Menawa, Red Stick warrior, as he left his home on the Tallapoosa River.

Although wounded seven times, Menawa escaped the slaughter at Horseshoe Bend. He regained his health and continued to play a prominent role in Creek society. Like most of the Creek people, Menawa was forced to leave his homeland under the terms of the Indian Removal Act in the 1830s.

The enemy although many of them fought to the last with that kind of bravery which desperation inspires, were at length entirely routed and cut to pieces. The whole margin of the river which surrounded the peninsular was strewed with the slain...The battle may be said to have continued with severity for about five hours; but the fighting and the slaughter continued until it was suspended by the darkness of the night.
Maj. Gen. Andrew Jackson, Tennessee
They Fought to the Last Marker (Tour Stop #5) image. Click for full size.
By TRCP Alliance, June 16, 2011
2. They Fought to the Last Marker (Tour Stop #5)
Militia

 
Erected by National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 32° 58.339′ N, 85° 44.195′ W. Marker is near Daviston, Alabama, in Tallapoosa County. Marker is on Battlefield Park Tour Road, on the right. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 11288 Horseshoe Bend Road, Daviston AL 36256, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. While the Long Roll Was Beating (approx. 0.2 miles away); Charge! (approx. 0.2 miles away); Designed for Defense (approx. 0.2 miles away); Major Lemuel P. Montgomery (approx. mile away); Jackson Trace (approx. mile away); Horseshoe Bend Battleground Monument (approx. mile away); Gun Hill (approx. mile away); The High Ground (approx. mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Daviston.
 
More about this marker.
Tour Stop #5 Newyaucau Town and the Aftermath

This Upper Creek town, across the river to the northeast, was named for the 1790 Treaty of New York guaranteeing Creek lands and perpetual friendship with the United States. Georgia militia under Maj. Gen. David Adams burned it before the battle, and its people joined the other refugees at Tohopeka.

After the battle the
They Fought to the Last Marker image. Click for full size.
By TRCP Alliance, June 16, 2011
3. They Fought to the Last Marker
surrounding land and much of east-central Alabama remained Creek. This area was not ceded to the United States under the Treaty of Fort Jackson, and Creek people continued to live here until the 1830s. Starting in 1836 the U.S. Army forcibly removed over 19,000 Creeks from Alabama.


From Horseshoe Bend National Military Park Map and Guide Brochure.
 
Also see . . .  Horseshoe Bend National Military Park. (Submitted on January 16, 2012, by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama.)
 
Categories. Native AmericansWar of 1812
 
Menawa, Red Stick Warrior image. Click for full size.
By TRCP Alliance, June 16, 2011
4. Menawa, Red Stick Warrior
They Fought to the Last Marker (Bottom Left Text) image. Click for full size.
By TRCP Alliance, June 16, 2011
5. They Fought to the Last Marker (Bottom Left Text)
They Fought to the Last Marker (Bottom Right Text) image. Click for full size.
By TRCP Alliance, June 16, 2011
6. They Fought to the Last Marker (Bottom Right Text)
They Fought to the Last Marker (Top Right Text) image. Click for full size.
By TRCP Alliance, June 16, 2011
7. They Fought to the Last Marker (Top Right Text)
They Fought to the Last Marker (Close-up of Image on Marker) image. Click for full size.
By TRCP Alliance, June 16, 2011
8. They Fought to the Last Marker (Close-up of Image on Marker)
They Fought to the Last Marker (Close-up of Image on Marker) image. Click for full size.
By TRCP Alliance, June 16, 2011
9. They Fought to the Last Marker (Close-up of Image on Marker)
Silent Battlefield image. Click for full size.
By TRCP Alliance, June 16, 2011
10. Silent Battlefield
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama. This page has been viewed 779 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. submitted on , by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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