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LaGrange in Fayette County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
Union Supply Base
LaGrange Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Lee Hattabaugh, October 21, 2010
1. LaGrange Marker
Inscription. Federal forces occupied LaGrange during the war, 1862-1865, and made it an important supply base. Gen. William T. Sherman established his headquarters here when the occupation began in 1862. In April 1863, Union Col. Benjamin H. Grierson left here with a combined force of cavalry and artillery on an extended raid deep into Mississippi to disrupt Confederate supply lines before the Union advance on Vicksburg. Gen. Andrew J. Smith started from LaGrange with another Union task force in July 1864 in a northern Mississippi campaign that included the Battle of Tupelo on July 14. Col. Edward Bouton's brigade of U.S. Colored Troops was in Smith's command.

Many historic buildings associated with LaGrange's Civil War story still stand. Woodlawn, completed in 1828, was Sherman's headquarters and a Union army hospital. Hancock Hall, which was finished in 1857, served as Gen. Stephen A. Hurlbut's headquarters. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant stayed there during a visit to LaGrange. Slaves constructed Immanuel Episcopal Church in 1842, and it served as a Union hospital after the battles of Shiloh and Corinth. The Lucy Holcombe Pickens House was the birthplace and early residence of Lucy Holcombe, the wife of the antebellum ambassador to Russia and the wartime South Carolina governor Francis W. Pickens. her portrait appeared on Confederate currency.

LaGrange Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Lee Hattabaugh, October 21, 2010
2. LaGrange Marker
was a neat little place of about a thousand people. The yards were beautifully improved, filled with evergreens and rare shrubberies. A fine college building crowned a gentle eminence to the east of the town and a Seminary for Ladies looked across it from the North. All is vulgar desolation now. The college and its twin buildings are used now for hospitals, and the churches are all appropriated to the same uses, with many of the private dwellings. The fences are all burned, the gardens trampled, the most elegant evergreens turned into hitching posts for Yankee horses, and all this in a town where there had been no strife of contending forces. It is a natural consequence of war."
- Capt. Henry Forbes, Co. B, 7th Illinois Volunteer Cavalry, 1863
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 35° 2.705′ N, 89° 14.609′ W. Marker is in LaGrange, Tennessee, in Fayette County. Marker is on Main Street south of Third Street (Tennessee Highway 57), on the left when traveling south. Click for map. Located across the street from the City Office. Marker is in this post office area: La Grange TN 38046, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. La Grange (within shouting distance of this marker); Grierson's Raid (within shouting distance of this marker); Immanuel Church (within shouting distance of this marker); Home of Lucy Holcombe Pickens (approx. 0.2 miles away); Lucy Petway Holcombe Pickens House (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Gloster - Anderson Graveyard (approx. half a mile away); Woodlawn (approx. 1.4 miles away); First Bird Dog Field Trials (approx. 2.9 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in LaGrange.
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page originally submitted on October 26, 2010, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. This page has been viewed 1,006 times since then. Last updated on January 21, 2012, by Ken Smith of Milan, Tennessee. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 26, 2010, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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