Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Charleston in Charleston County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim

( Holy Congregation House of God )

 
 
Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, January 8, 2012
1. Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim Marker
Inscription.
Founded 1750
The Cradle of Reformed Judaism
In The United States, 1824

Jews who settled in Charleston as early as 1695 worshipped informally until the founding of this congregation in 1750. First synagogue on this site, 1780-1792, was a converted cotton gin. A second built 1793, was burned in 1838. The Sunday School begun in 1838 was the second Jewish Sunday School in the United States. The The present synagogue, designed by C.L. Warner and built by David Lopez, 1840, is the second oldest in the United States, and oldest in continuous use. The tabernacle was built in 1948 on the site of the old tabernacle (1838-1948). George Washington wrote the congregation in 1790 : "May the same temporal and eternal blessings which you implore for me, rest upon your congregations."
 
Erected by Approved by the Historical Commission of Charleston S.C.
 
Location. 32° 46.924′ N, 79° 55.968′ W. Marker is in Charleston, South Carolina, in Charleston County. Marker is on Hasell Street, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 90 Hasell Street, Charleston SC 29401, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this
Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim Markers image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, January 8, 2012
2. Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim Markers
L-R, Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim Marker, National Register Historic Landmark, National Register of Historic Places and Historic American Building Survey
marker. A different marker also named Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim (here, next to this marker); St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church (a few steps from this marker); Riviera Theatre (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); City Market (about 600 feet away); Charleston City Market (about 600 feet away); Trinity Methodist Church Original Site / William Hammett (about 700 feet away); The Site of Carteret Bastion (about 800 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Charleston.
 
Regarding Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim. (Beth Elohim Synagogue) Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim possesses national significance as the birthplace, in 1824,of Reform Judaism in America. Originated by German Jews in the early 1800s, the Reform Movement spread rapidly through central Europe and to the United States, where it led to radical changes in Jewish doctrine during the remainder of the 19th century. The influx of German, Austrian, and Bavarian Jews that began in 1836 and continued into the 1890s was a major factor in the success of American Reform. Thus Beth Elohimís pioneering role is accentuated both because the reform group arose within an Orthodox and mainly Sephardic community and because it antedated the first large-scale Ashkenazic
Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim and Markers image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, January 8, 2012
3. Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim and Markers
immigration by more than a decade. Congregation Beth Elohim, established in 1749, is the nationís fourth oldest Jewish community. Its present house of worship, a fine Greek Revival structure, erected in 1840, is the second oldest synagogue extant in the country and the oldest in continuous use. Listed in the National Register April 4, 1978; Designated a National Historic Landmark June 19,1980.(South Carolina Department of Archives and History)
 
Also see . . .
1. Jewish-American History Documentation Foundation. The Jewish Congregation of Charleston...When the Jews were banished from Spain thousands fled to Holland,and many of them sought the western hemisphere, deeming it a securer asylum than any other land afforded. It was to America, to this great land (in which liberty has erected her sacred temple) they strained their eager eyes, and from the persecutions of the old, fled to the new world, to enjoy the great prerogative of worshipping God according to the dictates of their consciences, untrammeled by priestcraft, or the strong arm of arbitrary rule.Many of the founders of this congregation were the direct descendants of those Jews who were driven from Spain by the barbarous decrees of that government. A large number of them settled in this state, and when the revolutionary struggle commenced, all those who could
Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, January 8, 2012
4. Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim
Hear O Isreal:The Lord Our God, Is The Sole Eternal Being. Rebuilt A.M. 5600
bear arms joined the American army, and were zealously engaged in defending the liberties of their adopted country. (Submitted on February 9, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 

2. The history of Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim. KKBE is the fourth oldest Jewish congregation in the continental United States (after New York, Newport and Savannah). (Submitted on February 9, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 

3. From the Ends of the Earth: Judaic Treasures of the Library of Congress, The Father of His Country. In the Washington Papers at the Library of Congress are the original addresses to him from the Hebrew Congregation in Newport, Rhode island, and the Hebrew Congregations in Philadelphia, New York, Charleston, and Richmond. Also present are the retained copies of the president's replies to them and to the Hebrew Congregation of the City of Savannah. (Submitted on February 9, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 
 
Categories. Churches, Etc.
 
Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim includes image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, January 8, 2012
5. Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim includes
Medallion:
Award 1974
Carolopolis
Condita A.D.
1670
Preservation Society of Charleston

The Carolopolis Award is a plaque placed on buildings that have been preserved, restored, rehabilitated or are outstanding examples of new construction. The award is presented to those individuals, businesses or organizations that currently own the property. The Carolopolis Award is a slightly modified reproduction of the seal of the City of Charleston. The word Carolopolis comes from the original name of the city.
Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim image. Click for full size.
Historic American Buildings Survey John P. O'Neill, March 1938
6. Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim
Historic American Engineering Record: Habs SC,10-CHAR,41--2
Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim image. Click for full size.
S.C. Dept. of Archives and History, Historic Charleston, April 9, 2007
7. Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim
Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim image. Click for full size.
S.C. Dept. of Archives and History
8. Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 406 times since then and 12 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement