Bear Mountain in Rockland County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Fort Clinton’s Outer Redoubt
You are looking at the remains of Fort Clinton’s Outer Redoubt; it is all that survives of this Revolutionary War fort. Work on Fort Clinton began in July 1776 on the recommendation of American officers who were concerned that this high ground would compromise Fort Montgomery, which was under construction on the opposite shore of Popolopen Creek.
Both forts were critical to the defense of the Hudson River Valley north of the Highlands. Work on Fort Clinton continued until British forces under Sir Henry Clinton captured it and Fort Montgomery on October 6, 1777. Some of the day’s fiercest fighting took place here, at Fort Clinton’s Outer Redoubt. Fort Clinton was renamed Fort Vaughn and became Sir Henry Clinton’s headquarters for nearly three weeks before the British withdrew from the Hudson Valley, destroying the fort as they left.
Please treat this hallowed ground where patriots spilled their blood for American independence with respect and reverence.
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The First Stars and Stripes
On June 14, 1777, Congress resolved:
“That the flag of the thirteen United
States be thirteen stripes, alternate
red and white; that the union be
thirteen stars, white on a blue field,
representing a new constellation.”
Congress did not specify how
Erected by State of New York.
Location. 41° 19.171′ N, 73° 59.373′ W. Marker is in Bear Mountain, New York, in Rockland County. Marker can be reached from New York State Route 9 W, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is located on a walking trail through the zoo at Bear Mountain. Marker is in this post office area: Bear Mountain NY 10911, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Outer Redoubt of Fort Clinton (a few steps from this marker); The British Attempt to Divide the Colonies during the War of Independence (a few steps from this marker); The West Redoubt of Fort Clinton (a few steps from Appalachian Trail (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Appalachian Trail (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Clinton (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Historic 1777 & 1779 Trails (about 400 feet away); Bear Mountain Bridge (about 400 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Bear Mountain.
More about this marker. Two photographs of archeological work being done at Fort Clinton appear on the left of the marker. These have the caption “In 1935 and 1936, staff at the Trailside Museums conducted archeological excavations of the Outer Redoubt, which had been spared destruction when the Bear Mountain Bridge was built a decade earlier. They recovered hundreds of musket balls that were evidence of the fierce battle that took place here.”
A colonial flag appears as part of the sidebar.
The right side of the marker features a picture of soldiers in the Outer Redoubt of Fort Clinton. It has a caption of “About 90 men of the Second Regiment of the Ulster County Militia under Colonel James McClaghry,
After ‘a warm fire ensued between them and the redoubt,’ this column withdrew to the protection of the hollow until the main part of the Fort Clinton was captured. Then both columns attacked the Outer Redoubt. The Americans made a desperate last stand, repulsing the first assault before the British finally swept over the walls.
Illustration of the Outer Redoubt, by Jack Mead.”
Also see . . .
1. The Battle of Fort's Montgomery and Clinton. The American Revolutionary War. (Submitted on February 16, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
2. The Battle of Fort's Montgomery and Clinton. (Submitted on February 16, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
Categories. • Forts, Castles • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 490 times since then and 15 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 7. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.