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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Columbia in Howard County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Oakland Manor

Home of the Howard Dragoons

 
 
Oakland Manor Marker Photo, Click for full size
By F. Robby, January 8, 2008
1. Oakland Manor Marker
Inscription. Oakland was the family home of George R. Gaither, a successful Baltimore merchant who purchased the property in 1838. His son, George R. Gaither, Jr., served as captain of a local militia unit, the Howard Dragoons (mounted infrantrymen). Most of the Dragoons were landed gentry from throughout the county, many of them slave owners. Here they drilled, learning the intricate movements of mounted combat. On special occasions, such as Independence Day, the Dragoons staged parades for the residents of Ellicott's Mills.

After the Baltimore Riot of April 19, 1861, the Howard Dragoons assisted in keeping the peace there. Most of the men, however, refused to take the oath of allegiance to the United States. Armed with cavalry sabers and Colt's revolvers, in May they rode to Leesburg, Virginia, and joined the Confederate army. The unit served variously as Company K, 1st Virginia Cavalry, Company M, 1st Maryland Calvary, and finally Company K, 2nd Maryland Cavalry. Gaither was captured at Manassas Junction on August 27, 1862, and later exchanged. He sailed to Europe the next year on a mission for the Confederate government. After the war, he became a cotton trader.

Oakland Manor's Slaves
About 200,000 African Americans served in the U.S. Army and Navy during the Civil War, including dozens of men from Howard County.
Oakland Manor Marker Photo, Click for full size
By F. Robby, January 8, 2008
2. Oakland Manor Marker
Mason, William, and Joseph Shipley were slaves who labored here and on neighboring farms when the Civil War began. In 1863, they enlisted in the 9th U.S. Colored Troops (USCT). William Shipley was killed in Deep Bottom near Richmond, Virginia, in August 1864.
 
Erected by Civil War Trails.
 
Location. 39° 13.38′ N, 76° 51.257′ W. Marker is in Columbia, Maryland, in Howard County. Marker can be reached from Vantage Point Road 0.2 miles from Little Patuxent Parkway, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is on the left side of drive to Oakland Manor, about one tenth of a mile from Vantage Point Road where you see the Oakland sign. Marker is in this post office area: Columbia MD 21044, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Adam the First (approx. 2.9 miles away but has been reported missing); Christ Episcopal Church (approx. 3 miles away); St. Johnís Episcopal Church (approx. 3.7 miles away); Decatur Dorsey (approx. 4 miles away); The Town of Guilford (approx. 4 miles away); The Pratt Through-Truss Bridge (approx. 4 miles
Oakland Manor Photo, Click for full size
By F. Robby, January 8, 2008
3. Oakland Manor
away); The Little Patuxent River (approx. 4 miles away); The Patuxent Branch of the B&O Railroad (approx. 4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Columbia.
 
Also see . . .  The Columbia Association's website on Historic Oakland. (Submitted on February 10, 2008, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland.)
 
Categories. African AmericansWar, US Civil
 
Oliver's Carriage House Photo, Click for full size
By F. Robby, January 8, 2008
4. Oliver's Carriage House
Kittamaqundi Community Church worships in the former Oliver's Carriage House which was once a part of Oakland Manor property. The building is located on the opposite side of Vantage Point Road, about 300 feet north of Oakland Manor house.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 3,489 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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