Near Sabetha in Nemaha County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
The Lane Trail
Near here the towns of Plymouth and Lexington once stood as outposts on the Lane Trail, approximated today by US-75. Named for abolitionist James H. Lane, the trail was established in 1856 to bypass proslavery strongholds in Missouri and provide free-state settlers a safe route into Kansas. Rock piles known as "Lane's chimneys" marked the trail. Leaving Iowa City, settlers went west into Nebraska and south into Kansas, passing through Plymouth, Lexington, Powhattan, Netawaka, and Holton before arriving in Topeka. The trail also served as part of the underground railroad, used by John Brown and others to transport slaves north to freedom.
At Plymouth, three miles south of the Nebraska line, and at Lexington, a few miles farther south, the settlers built log cabins surrounded by earthen-walled forts for protection. Armed with rifles and bolstered by a small cannon at Plymouth, the settlers established an antislavery presence that helped bring "Bleeding Kansas" into the Union as a free state. Today, however, Plymouth and Lexington exist only as a memory.
Erected by Kansas Historical Society and Kansas Department of Transportation. (Marker Number 32.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Kansas Historical Society marker series.
Location. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Sabetha KS 66534, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 2 other markers are within 12 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Sabetha, Kansas (approx. 1.6 miles away); First Oil Well (approx. 11.6 miles away in Nebraska).
More about this marker. Marker was relocated in fall 2013. It was formerly at a rest area near intersection of US Hwy 36 and Acorn Road, about three miles west of Fairview, at 39.841615, -95.785369.
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
Also see . . .
1. John Brown and the Lane Trail. (Submitted on February 24, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
2. Lane's Trail and the Underground Railroad. (Submitted on February 24, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
Categories. • Abolition & Underground RR • Forts, Castles • Roads & Vehicles • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page has been viewed 507 times since then and 96 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.