Near Atchison in Atchison County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
“this day being...the 4th of July”
The U.S. Army expedition led by Captains Meriwether Lewis and William Clark camped in this vicinity on July 4, 1804. In honor of the nation's 28th birthday, expedition members fired the swivel cannon on the bow of their keelboat once in the morning and at the end of the day. During the course of the day, they named two local streams - Fourth of July 1804 Creek and Independence Creek. This was the first time they celebrated the 4th of July during the expedition.
Clark wrote: "...as this Creek has no name, and this being...the 4th of July the day of the independance...call it 4th of July 1804 Creek..."
The expedition camped "...above the mouth of a Creek 20 yds wide this Creek we call Creek Independence..." An extra gill [four ounces] of whiskey was rationed to the men.
Expedition members turned out on the Fourth of July in striking regimental coats. Artist Michael Haynes depicts Captain Meriwether Lewis in full dress uniform at right.
During the expedition's journey west, impromptu ceremonies marked three holidays: Fourth of July, Christmas, and New Year's. Other occasions, such as Lewis' birthday, a notable discovery, or particularly difficult days were marked by issuing a dram of liquor.
[Background photo caption reads]
Lewis and Clark reenactors on the banks of the
Erected by Kansas Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Commission and Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Lewis & Clark Expedition marker series.
Location. 39° 37.276′ N, 95° 5.874′ W. Marker is near Atchison, Kansas, in Atchison County. Click for map. Marker is at the north end of the bridge over Independence Creek at Independence Creek Lewis & Clark Historic Site. Marker is at or near this postal address: 19917 314th Road, Atchison KS 66002, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. "Grand Village des Canzes" (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Samuel T. Carpenter (approx. 2.3 miles away); B. P. Waggener House (approx. 3.7 miles away); Lincoln School (approx. 3.7 miles away); Webster Wirt Hetherington House (approx. 3.7 miles away); Muchnic House (approx. 3.8 miles away); Lincoln Address (approx. 4 miles away); Atchison County Courthouse (approx. 4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Atchison.
Also see . . .
1. Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail. (Submitted on February 26, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
2. The Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition (Submitted on February 26, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
Categories. • Exploration • Patriots & Patriotism • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page has been viewed 406 times since then and 61 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.