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Annapolis in Anne Arundel County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Battle of the Severn

 
 
Battle of the Severn Marker image. Click for full size.
By F. Robby, March 3, 2012
1. Battle of the Severn Marker
Inscription. On March 25, 1655, colonial Governor William Stone landed Maryland militia at the Puritan settlement of Providence, located at the mouth of the Severn River. He planned to subdue the settlers who had asserted their independence from the government in St. Mary's City. The Puritan militia defeated Stone's forces and secured temporary control of the colony, ruling Maryland until 1658, when an agreement restored proprietary authority to Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore.
 
Erected by Maryland Historical Trust, Maryland State Highway Administration.
 
Location. 38° 59.929′ N, 76° 28.912′ W. Marker is in Annapolis, Maryland, in Anne Arundel County. Marker is at the intersection of Governor Ritchie Highway (Maryland Route 450) and Chase Road, on the left when traveling south on Governor Ritchie Highway. Click for map. Marker is next to the parking lot for the Annapolis Overlook. Marker is in this post office area: Annapolis MD 21409, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Albert Cabell Ritchie (within shouting distance of this marker); Pearl Harbor Survivors Association (within shouting distance of this marker); Maryland World War II Memorial
Battle of the Severn Marker image. Click for full size.
By F. Robby, March 3, 2012
2. Battle of the Severn Marker
Looking at the overlook.
(within shouting distance of this marker); Standing Guard (approx. 0.3 miles away); Oyster Reef (approx. 0.3 miles away); The United States Naval Academy Bridge (approx. mile away); Evolutions of Strawberry Hill (approx. 0.9 miles away); Husband Edward Kimmel (approx. 0.9 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Annapolis.
 
Regarding Battle of the Severn. The Battle of the Severn may have been the last battle of the English Civil War, which pitted royal forces associated with the Catholic King against the Puritan forces associated with the Commonwealth. In Maryland, the Civil War was carried out similarly by forces loyal to the Catholic Proprietor of Maryland against a Puritan settlement loyal to the Commonwealth. In both cases, the Puritans were victorious, although the Puritan government in England restored the Catholic proprietorship in Maryland.
 
Categories. Colonial EraPoliticsSettlements & Settlers
 
Battle of the Severn Marker image. Click for full size.
By F. Robby, March 3, 2012
3. Battle of the Severn Marker
Looking toward the Severn River, and the US Naval Academy (across the river). The mouth of the Severn is about a mile to the left of this view. The Puritan settlement was on this side of the Severn, but the land battle occurred on the south side, near the present day Eastport section of Annapolis.
Governor William Stone image. Click for full size.
Maryland State Archives
4. Governor William Stone
The Governor had invited the Puritans to settle Providence in order to keep anti-Catholic sentiment at bay.
The Battle of the Mouth of the Severn image. Click for full size.
New York Public Library
5. The Battle of the Mouth of the Severn
Reportedly the first battle between opposing American soldiers.

Image Title: The battle at the mouth of the Severn. Creator: Kelly, James Edward, 1855-1933 -- Artist Depicted Date: 1655 Specific Material Type: Prints Catalog Call Number: PC AME-164 Digital ID: 808180 Record ID: 700978 Digital Item Published: 10-27-2005; updated 3-25-2011
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,072 times since then and 58 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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