Scandia in Republic County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Country of the Pawnee
Long before white men settled Kansas this region was the home of Pawnee Indians. French traders in the late 1700's named those along this river the Republican Pawnee in the mistaken belief that their form of government was a republic. From them the Republican river and in turn Republic county and city took their names.
Here, along the east side of the river, passed the military road opened in 1857 to connect Fort Riley and Fort Kearny, Neb. White settlement began in this area in the early 1860's, and at this place in 1868 the Scandinavian Agricultural Society of Chicago started a colony, which became Scandia. Fearful of Indian attacks, for several occurred nearby, the settlers constructed a stronghold near the river called Colony House.
Jedediah Smith, famed mountain man, explorer and mapper of the American West, led 60 men up the Republican valley in January, 1826. He stayed several weeks at a Republican Pawnee vilage, probably the one four miles west and eight north of this marker. The site of this village has been preserved by the state, and a modern archeological museum was opened there in 1967.
Erected by Kansas State Historical Society and State Highway Commission. (Marker Number 34.)
Marker series. This marker Kansas Historical Society marker series.
Location. 39° 47.899′ N, 97° 47.186′ W. Marker is in Scandia, Kansas, in Republic County. Marker is on U.S. 36 near Cloud Street, on the left when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is at a roadside rest area. Marker is in this post office area: Scandia KS 66966, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within 16 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. New Scandinavia (a few steps from this marker); American Legion Post No. 193 Veterans Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); The Great Depression & The WPA (approx. 8.5 miles away); Belleville Agriculture (approx. 8.5 miles away); Camp Concordia (approx. 15.2 miles away).
Also see . . .
1. Republican River Basin History. (Submitted on March 11, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
2. Pawnee Indian Museum. (Submitted on March 11, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
Categories. • Exploration • Native Americans • Roads & Vehicles • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page has been viewed 265 times since then and 52 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.