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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Ellsworth in Ellsworth County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

Ellsworth, the Cowtown and Fort

 
 
Ellsworth, the Cowtown and Fort Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., August 28, 2011
1. Ellsworth, the Cowtown and Fort Marker
Inscription.
When the Union Pacific built through here in 1867 this was buffalo country. As the engines chugged on west, the Hays newspaper reported: "Passengers on the cars between here and Ellsworth have almost daily fine sport shooting at buffalo, immense herds of the huge beasts constantly entering for races with the locomotives." Ellsworth, founded in 1867, was a main terminus of the Texas cattle trade in Kansas, 1871-1875. As such it was one of the wildest of the cowtowns. There were shootings and even a fabled tour down Main street by one of the dancehall girls in the costume of Lady Godiva. South of Ellsworth was the Mother Bickerdyke Home for old soldiers and their families, named for Mary Bickerdyke, famed Civil War nurse and social worker.

Fort Ellsworth was established four miles southeast of this marker in 1864. Two years later it was renamed Fort Harker and in 1867 was moved northeast to present Kanopolis where four of its stone buildings may still be seen. Here General Sheridan planned the winter Indian campaign of 1868-1869. Other famous generals, including Grant, Sherman, Hancock, Miles and Custer, visited or were quartered at Harker. The post was abandoned in 1873.
 
Erected by Kansas State Historical Society and State Highway Commission. (Marker Number 89.)
 
Marker series.
Ellsworth, the Cowtown and Fort Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., August 28, 2011
2. Ellsworth, the Cowtown and Fort Marker
Looking northwest
This marker is included in the Kansas Historical Society marker series.
 
Location. 38° 43.706′ N, 98° 13.934′ W. Marker is in Ellsworth, Kansas, in Ellsworth County. Marker is at the intersection of Douglas Avenue (Kansas Route 14) and Main Street, on the right when traveling south on Douglas Avenue. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Ellsworth KS 67439, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Historical Plaza Walking Tour (a few steps from this marker); Jake New's Saloon (within shouting distance of this marker); Hodgden House (within shouting distance of this marker); Powers Bank (within shouting distance of this marker); The Old Reliable House (within shouting distance of this marker); North Main Street (within shouting distance of this marker); Mueller's Boot Shop (within shouting distance of this marker); Nick Lentz Saloon (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Ellsworth.
 
Also see . . .
1. Ellsworth County in Cutler's History of the State of Kansas (1883). (Submitted on March 15, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Wickedest Cowtown of the West. (Submitted on March 15, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. Ellsworth County History Bibliography. (Submitted on March 15, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Train Depot Near Ellsworth Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., August 28, 2011
3. Train Depot Near Ellsworth Marker

4. Terra Cotta Railroad Depot Building.
This article explains how the Terra Cotta railroad depot building came to be at this location in Ellsworth, Kansas. There is also a surprising connection with Wild Bill Hickok. (Submitted on October 13, 2015, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Categories. AnimalsForts, CastlesRailroads & StreetcarsSettlements & Settlers
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 487 times since then and 10 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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