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Big Bend National Park in Brewster County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Luna's Jacal
Luna's Jacal Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Richard Denney, March 23, 2012
1. Luna's Jacal Marker
Inscription. Here at the edge of Alamo Creek, Gilberto Luna raised a large family in this small house called a jacal (hah-KAHL). Built from rock, earth, and plant fiber, the dwelling was well adapted to desert conditions: notice a dramatic temperature difference as you step inside. Luna irrigated the land he farmed with floodwater diverted from the nearby creek.

Gilberto Luna built this jacal and lived here until 1947, when he died at the age of 108. Luna was well-known and respected among the residents of the Big Bend.

Jacal construction is sometimes called “wattle and daub.” To weatherproof the structure, Luna applied mud plaster to latticework walls of cane grass and ocotillo.

El Jacal de Luna
Aquí al bordo de Alamo Creek, Gilberto Luna crió una familia grande en esta casa pequeña conocida como un jacal. Construida de piedra, tierra, y fibra vegetal, la morada estaba bien adaptada a las condiciones del desierto. Note la gran diferencia de temperatura cuando entre. Luna regaba la tierra que cultivaba con aguas de inundación que eran desviadas de un riachuelo cercano.

Gilberto Luna construyó este jacal y vivió aquí hasta 1947, cuando murió a la edad de 108. Luna fue muy conocido y respetado entre
Luna's Jacal Marker in context Photo, Click for full size
By Richard Denney, March 23, 2012
2. Luna's Jacal Marker in context
los residentes de Big Bend.

La construcción de un jacal es algunas veces conocido como el bajareque. Para proteger la construcción del mal tiempo, Luna cubrió las paredes enrejadas de grama de caña y ocotillo con un emplasto de barro.
Marker series. This marker is included in the The Comanche Trail into Mexico marker series.
Location. 29° 12.936′ N, 103° 32.091′ W. Marker is in Big Bend National Park, Texas, in Brewster County. Marker is on Old Maverick Road 6.5 miles south of Maverick Drive (Texas Route 118), on the left when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Big Bend National Park TX 79834, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 2 other markers are within 9 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Terlingua Abaja (approx. 4.3 miles away); Terlingua (approx. 8.4 miles away).
Also see . . .
1. Luna's Jacal (pdf file). National Register of Historic Places (Submitted on March 27, 2012, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas.) 

2. Luna's Jacal. Wikipedia (Submitted on March 27, 2012, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas.) 
Alamo Wash and the Comanche Trail Photo, Click for full size
By Richard Denney, March 23, 2012
3. Alamo Wash and the Comanche Trail
A view from the rear of Luna's Jacal out onto Alamo Wash. As noted in the write-up for the National Register of Historic Places, Alamo Wash was on the Comanche War Trail through the park. A story recounted in the NRHP write-up relates how Luna through diplomacy survived the "incursions of these raiding Indians", though an interview with a grandson of Luna, Demencio C. Luna Jr., put Luna's arrival at Alamo Wash after the close of the Comanche Trail (Exploring The Big Bend Country, Koch and Price). Note how the Jacal incorporates a boulder as the rear wall of the Jacal.
Categories. Hispanic AmericansSettlements & Settlers
Credits. This page originally submitted on March 27, 2012, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. This page has been viewed 893 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on March 27, 2012, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas.   3. submitted on May 14, 2014, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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