“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Micanopy in Alachua County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)


Micanopy Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, April 4, 2012
1. Micanopy Marker
Inscription. Founded after Spain relinquished Florida to the United States in 1821. Micanopy became the first distinct American town founded in the new US territory. Originally an Indian trading post, Micanopy was built under the auspices of the Florida Association of New York. A leading member of the company, Moses E. Levy, along with Edward Wanton, a former Anglo-Spanish Indian trader, played important roles here. In 1822, a select group of settlers and skilled craftsmen departed New York harbor and set sail for Florida. After disembarking on the banks of the St. Johns River (at the site of present-day Palatka), and with the added labor of 15 slaves, these men forged a 45-mile road with eight bridges to Micanopy -- a vital new pathway into the interior. These first settlers arrived on February 12 1823, and were in close contact with both Seminole and Miccosukee Indians, as well as black descendants of runaway slaves who resided among them. This initial period was one of relative peace. Micanopy means "head chief," a title awarded to the leader of the Alachua Seminoles. For a time, this frontier hamlet was also known informally as "Wantons."
(Reverse text)
On the onset of the Second Seminole War in December 1835 caused great devastation. Nearby sugar plantations and homesteads were burned
Micanopy Marker, reverse side image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, April 4, 2012
2. Micanopy Marker, reverse side
and entire families sought the safety of Micanopy, which had been barricaded with log pickets and renamed Fort Defiance by the military. During the summer of 1836, the Battle of Micanopy and the Battle of Wilika Pond took place here. On August 24, with most soldiers sick or wounded, the US Army evacuated the fort and town and all buildings were intentionally burned. Afterward, Fort Micanopy was erected in 1837. The town was rebuilt after the Seminole War, with few of the original inhabitants returning. Cotton replaced sugar cane as a staple crop and cattle production assumed new importance. Following the Civil War and with the advent of the railroad, the Micanopy area became known as the "leading orange and vegetable growing section of Florida." After a freeze in 1894-95, orange cultivation was curtailed, but farmers continued to flourish by growing winter vegetables for northern markets. By the 1920s, truck farming was largely displaced by the lumber and turpentine industries. Many of the town's larger surviving homes reflect the previous era of agricultural prosperity.
Erected 2010 by Florida Heritage Landmark Sponsored by the Micanopy Historical Society and the Department of State. (Marker Number F-706.)
Location. 29° 30.358′ 
Micanopy Marker located at the gazebo image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, April 4, 2012
3. Micanopy Marker located at the gazebo
N, 82° 16.777′ W. Marker is in Micanopy, Florida, in Alachua County. Marker is on NE 1st Street (County Road 25A) near N.E. Peach Avenue, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Located in front of the gazebo. Marker is in this post office area: Micanopy FL 32667, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 9 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Moses Elias Levy (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); William Bartram Trail (about 700 feet away); Evinston Community Store and Post Office / History of Evinston, Florida (approx. 3.6 miles away); Madison Starke Perry (approx. 3.9 miles away); Rochelle Vicinity (approx. 7 miles away); Gainesville’s Only Artesian Spring (approx. 8.1 miles away); Boulware Springs Water Works Building (approx. 8.1 miles away); Serenola Plantation (approx. 8.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Micanopy.
Regarding Micanopy. National Register of Historic Places:
Micanopy Historic District (added 1983 - - #83003512)
♦ Historic Significance: Information Potential, Event, Architecture/Engineering
♦ Architect, builder, or engineer: Multiple
♦ Architectural Style: Late Victorian, Mixed (More Than 2 Styles From Different Periods)
♦ Area of Significance: Exploration/Settlement, Politics/Government, Architecture,
Micanopy Marker looking west along NE 1st Street image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, April 4, 2012
4. Micanopy Marker looking west along NE 1st Street
Historic - Aboriginal,
Commerce, Military, Agriculture
♦ Cultural Affiliation: Timucuan, Seminole
♦ Period of Significance: 1925-1949, 1900-1924, 1875-1899, 1850-1874, 1825-1849, 1800-1824, 1750-1799, 1700-1749
♦ Historic Function: Agriculture/Subsistence, Commerce/Trade, Domestic, Funerary
♦ Current Function: Commerce/Trade, Domestic, Landscape
Also see . . .  Micanopy Historical Society. Two Second Seminole War period forts (Submitted on April 10, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 
Categories. AgricultureIndustry & CommerceSettlements & SettlersWars, US Indian
Micanopy Marker, looking east image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, April 4, 2012
5. Micanopy Marker, looking east
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 725 times since then and 115 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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