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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Somesville in Hancock County, Maine — The American Northeast (New England)
 

Linking oceans, rivers and lakes

 
 
Linking oceans, rivers and lakes Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., September 21, 2011
1. Linking oceans, rivers and lakes Marker
Inscription.
A Part of History
Both Native Americans and early settlers enjoyed abundant harvests along this coastal shore. Each spring, thousands of adult alewives made an upstream pilgrimage, moving from salt water into the Mill Pond and up Somes Brook to Somes Pond and Long Pond to spawn (reproduce) in fresh water. The large populations of diadromous (sea-run) fish were welcomed by all, and the catch was smoked or salted for year-round consumption or used as bait by fishermen. The Mill Pond Dam, located just across the road, traces its roots back to 1763, when Abraham Somes erected a sawmill to produce lumber for a growing local industry. It was the first of several dams constructed along this brook. A grist mill and a woolen mill operated a short distance upstream from here (see map for directions).

Bridging the Gap
Dams present obstacles for sea-run fish and destroy their natural habitat. Where dams are essential, fish passage can be enhanced for some species by providing fishways. In the early 20th century, fishways were constructed between Somes Sound and Long Pond. Over time, the fishways fell into disrepair, dramatically reducing the local sea-run fish populations. In 2006, fishway restoration work began in order to help rebuild the populations of native sea-run fish species such as alewife, sea lamprey
Linking oceans, rivers and lakes Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., September 21, 2011
2. Linking oceans, rivers and lakes Marker
Selectmen's Building and Bridge in background, with Main Street on left
and American eel.

Nature's Way
Imagine sea-run fish that swim in huge schools, back and forth, from the Gulf of Maine into Maine's inland lakes, ponds, rivers and streams. During this cyclic journey, both juveniles and adults are a food source for nearly everything, including striped bass, haddock, salmon, osprey, eagles, herons, cormorants, loons and otter. By restoring access to their habitat, we give sea-run fish a chance to flourish again. With more sea-run fish throughout the Gulf of Maine, our rivers, lakes, estuaries and ocean will reward us with more biological bounty than any of us have experienced in our lifetime.

How it works
Fishways, most commonly referred to as fish ladders, are structures placed on or around human-made barriers (such as dams) to assist the natural migration of diadromous fishes. A pool-and-weir (seen in this sketch) is one of the oldest styles of fish ladders. It uses a series of small dams and pools of regular length to create a sloping channel for fish to travel around the obstruction. Effectively, the channel acts as a fixed lock to gradually step down the water level; to head upstream, fish must pass from box to box in the ladder.

[Photo captions reads]
Old saw mill and wooden dam, extending from the shore near the present Library to beyond the present fishway.

Fishway at old Woolen
Map on Linking oceans, rivers and lakes Marker image. Click for full size.
By Unknown, undated
3. Map on Linking oceans, rivers and lakes Marker
Mill site (third dam) along Somes Brook. This fish ladder is a pool-and-weir type, hand built using local granite blocks held together by mortar.
 
Erected by Somes-Meynell Wildlife Santuary, Mount Desert Island Historical Society, and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
 
Location. 44° 21.727′ N, 68° 20.092′ W. Marker is in Somesville, Maine, in Hancock County. Marker is at the intersection of Main Street (Maine Route 102) and Oak Hill Road, on the right when traveling south on Main Street. Click for map. The marker is at the parking lot of Somesville Historical Museum; the village of Somesville is part of the town of Mount Desert. Marker is in this post office area: Mount Desert ME 04660, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Somes Sound (approx. 3.3 miles away); Glacial Freight (approx. 4.5 miles away); Gateway to Acadia (approx. 5 miles away); Joseph T. Musetti Jr. Veterans Memorial Park (approx. 5.3 miles away); The 1947 Fire (approx. 5.4 miles away); Stephen Tyng Mather (approx. 5.5 miles away); Cadillac Mountain (approx. 5.5 miles away); Frenchman Bay (approx. 5.7 miles away).
 
Also see . . .
1. Somesville, Maine. (Submitted on April 15, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Fishway Drawing on Linking oceans, rivers and lakes Marker image. Click for full size.
By Unknown, undated
4. Fishway Drawing on Linking oceans, rivers and lakes Marker

2. Mount Desert Island Heritage. (Submitted on April 15, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. Mount Desert Island Historical Society. (Submitted on April 15, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. Industry & CommerceSettlements & SettlersWaterways & Vessels
 
Mill photo on Linking oceans, rivers and lakes Marker image. Click for full size.
By Unknown, undated
5. Mill photo on Linking oceans, rivers and lakes Marker
Courtesy Mount Desert Historical Society
Fishway photo on Linking oceans, rivers and lakes Marker image. Click for full size.
By David Lamon, undated
6. Fishway photo on Linking oceans, rivers and lakes Marker
Somes Pond Fishway and Dam Leading to Somes Sound image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., September 21, 2011
7. Somes Pond Fishway and Dam Leading to Somes Sound
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 532 times since then and 19 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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