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Chesapeake, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Fort Murray

 
 
Fort Murray Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, April 28, 2012
1. Fort Murray Marker
Inscription. By the summer of 1775, British control over the Colony of Virginia was in peril and Dunmore looked to Norfolk, the most heavily populated town in Virginia and the largest seaport between New York and Charleston. The occupation of Norfolk and Hampton Roads and control of the Chesapeake Bay were vital to Dunmore in his effort to maintain British sovereignty. He was joined by units of the British 14th Regiment of Foot, commanded by Captain Samuel Leslie.

On his way to try to establish a base of operations in Norfolk, the governor conducted raids in Norfolk and Princess Anne Counties, including a brief skirmish at Kemp’s Landing on November 14th. The patriot “shirtmen” were easily routed and two officers were captured.

Because Great Bridge provided the only landward approach to Norfolk, Dunmore issued an order on November 14th for construction of a small stockade fort on an island north of the bridge and east of the causeway that crossed nearly a half mile of swamp. Aptly named Fort Murray, it was garrisoned by a unit of regular troops, a group of volunteers called the Queen’s Own Loyal Virginia Regiment, and a number of runaway slaves.
 
Erected 2012 by Great Bridge Battlefield & Waterways History Foundation.
 
Location.
Fort Murray image. Click for full size.
2. Fort Murray
Fort Murray, the British encampment at Great Bridge, takes its name from John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore, Virginia’s last Royal Governor, who sailed into Hampton Roads after fleeing the Virginia capital at Williamsburg in June 1775. Painting by Jeremy Horne
36° 43.307′ N, 76° 14.356′ W. Marker is in Chesapeake, Virginia. Marker can be reached from the intersection of North Battlefield Boulevard (Business Virginia Route 168) and Watson Road, on the left when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Chesapeake VA 23320, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Liberty to Slaves (a few steps from this marker); The Day is Our Own! (within shouting distance of this marker); Causeway Construction (within shouting distance of this marker); Causeways (within shouting distance of this marker); Billy Flora (within shouting distance of this marker); Site of the Original Causeway (within shouting distance of this marker); At Dawn on December 9, 1775 (within shouting distance of this marker); First Fire (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Chesapeake.
 
Also see . . .  Great Bridge Battlefield & Waterways History Foundation. (Submitted on April 29, 2012, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesWar, US Revolutionary
 
Orientation Overview image. Click for full size.
April 28, 2012
3. Orientation Overview
Fort Murray stood in the marsh just 400 yards north of here, directly in front of you. Photo courtesy of Backus Aerial Photography, Inc.
Fort Murray Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, April 28, 2012
4. Fort Murray Marker
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 877 times since then and 12 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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