Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Chesapeake, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Civil War Anchor

The Waterways

 
 
Civil War Anchor Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, April 28, 2012
1. Civil War Anchor Marker
Inscription. This 7,900-pound anchor was manufactured in 1861 by the Naval Yard Foundry in Washington, D.C., and most likely belonged to the USS Hartford, a Union warship immortalized at the Battle of Mobile Bay on August 5, 1864, when Admiral David Glasgow Farragut cried out from her deck:

“Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!”

The USS Hartford, commissioned in 1859, the same year the Albemarle & Chesapeake Canal opened for traffic, was dismantled at the Norfolk Navy Yard (formerly Gosport Shipyard) in the 1950s. Her remains were buried on vacant land along the Southern Branch of the Elizabeth River.

Larger Steam Vessels Needed Deeper and Wider Waterways

Although ships of the Hartford class were too large for the new waterway, her massive anchor symbolizes the transition of water transportation from the Age of Sail to the Age of Steam and a new technology that gave birth to this canal. Vessels the size of the Newberne, pictured above, transported more passengers and more goods in a safer and faster manner than ever before.

The granite blocks surrounding and supporting the anchor are pieces of the south granite wall of the Great Bridge Lock constructed between 1855 and 1859, transported here from a quarry in Port Deposit, Maryland, near the head of the Chesapeake Bay…another achievement made easier by the development of steam power.
 
Erected 2012 by Great Bridge Battlefield & Waterways History Foundation.
 
Location. 36° 43.295′ N, 76° 14.422′ W. Marker is in Chesapeake, Virginia. Marker can be reached from the intersection of North Battlefield Boulevard (Business Virginia Route 168) and Locks Road, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Chesapeake VA 23320, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Father & Son Canal Builders (here, next to this marker); Under Two Flags (here, next to this marker); Site of the Original Causeway (within shouting distance of this marker); The Day is Our Own! (within shouting distance of this marker); First Fire (within shouting distance of this marker); Causeway Construction (within shouting distance of this marker); Great Bridge Marshall Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Billy Flora (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Chesapeake.
 
More about this marker. On the lower left is a photo with the caption, "Forward quarter view of the hull of the USS Hartford in dry dock during reconstruction in 1898. The port side bower anchor is plainly visible and appears to he the same anchor displayed at this site. The anchor was excavated in 2001 and moved to this location in 2008." Courtesy National Archives

On the upper right is a photo with the caption, "The Steamboat Newberne, westbound, tied next to the granite wall in the Great Bridge Lock." Courtesy of the Library of Virginia
 
Also see . . .  Great Bridge Battlefield & Waterways History Foundation. (Submitted on April 29, 2012, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
 
Categories. War, US CivilWaterways & Vessels
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 574 times since then and 6 times this year. Photo   1. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement