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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Brackettville in Kinney County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Seminole-Negro Indian Scout Detachment

1870-1914

 

—Fort Clark's Honor Guard —

 
Seminole-Negro Indian Scout Detachment Marker image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, August 12, 2010
1. Seminole-Negro Indian Scout Detachment Marker
Inscription.
Insignias of "Indian Wars", "USS (United States Scouts)" and "United States Army For Service" are included along the top of the marker

Fathers, sons, and brothers served side-by-side, each new generation becoming Scouts. Soldiering and scouting came naturally to these men whose quiet pride, dependable performance and habitual courage made them perhaps the most distinguished auxiliary unit in United States Army history.

Panel 1
United States Scouts
Seminole-Negro Indian Scout Detachment
Muster Roll 1870-1914

Aguirre, Martiriano Private 1878-1872 ∙ Barra, Juan Private 1880-1882 ∙ Barrera, Espetacion Private 1878-1881 ∙ Bowlegs, David Sergeant 1873-1882 ∙ Bowlegs, Friday Private 1873-1885 ∙ Bowlegs, Harkless Private 1881-1884 ∙ Bowlegs, John II + Private 1893-1907 ∙ Bowlegs, Zack Private 1873 ∙ Brady, Jewel Private 1877-1881 ∙ Bruner, Cipio Private 1872-1874 ∙ Bruner, James (Jim) Sergeant 1871-1875; 1879-1881 ∙ Bruner, Joseph Private 1872-1873 ∙ Bruner, Zack Private 1871-1879 ∙ Cassas, Luce Private 1879-1884; 1888-1889 ∙ Cook, Joe Private 1872-1882; 1886 ∙ Coon, Joe Private 1872-1879 ∙ Daniels, Caesar + Private 1900-1914 ∙ Daniels, Charles 1st Sergeant 1871-1886; 1892-1895; 1898-1909
United States Scouts, Seminole-Negro Indian Scouts Detachment 1870-1914 image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, August 12, 2010
2. United States Scouts, Seminole-Negro Indian Scouts Detachment 1870-1914
Muster Roll Panel 1.
∙ Daniels, Elijah + Sergeant 1871-1876 ∙ Daniels, Jerry + Corporal 1871-1874; 1876; 1878-1880 ∙ Daniels, John + Private 1907-1914 ∙ Daniels, Thomas Private 1893-1898 ∙ Dimery, Henry Private 1893-1898 ∙ Dixie, Joe + Private 1870-1872 ∙ Dixon, Joe Private 1883-1884 ∙ Dixon, Joseph Private 1884-1889; 1893 ∙ Factor, Allen Private 1873-1875 ∙ Factor Dembo + Private 1873-1875 ∙ Factor, Dindie Private 1878-1883 ∙ Factor, Hardie Private 1870-1876; 1879-1881 ∙ Factor, Hardy II Private 1874-1876 ∙ ★ Factor, Pompey + Private 1870-1877; 1879-1880 ∙ Factor, Tobe Private 1893-1898 ∙ Fay, Adam Corporal 1870-1884 ∙ Fay, Sandy Sergeant 1872-1905 ∙ Frausto, Gregario Private 1878-1884 ∙ Frausto, Quirino Private 1878-1884 ∙ Frausto, Thomas Private 1878-1879 ∙ Frausto, Vector Private 1878-1879 ∙ Geery, William + Private 1873-1875 ∙ Gordon, Henry Private 1872-1874 ∙ Gordon, Isaac Sergeant 1873-1887 ∙ Gordon, Sam + Private 1893-1894 ∙ Grayson, Renty + Private 1871-1879; 1893 ∙ Griner, Dallas + Private 1872-1875; 1886-1888 ∙ Halls, Morell + Private 1875-1876; 1883-1884 ∙ Hughes, Charles Private 1893-1895 ∙ Hoskins, Thomas Private 1883-1884

★ Medal of Honor Recipient
+ Interred Seminole Scout Cemetery Brackettville,
United States Scouts, Seminole-Negro Indian Scouts Detachment 1870-1914 image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, August 12, 2010
3. United States Scouts, Seminole-Negro Indian Scouts Detachment 1870-1914
Muster Roll Panel 2
Texas
U.S.S

Panel 2
United States Scouts
Seminole-Negro Indian Scout Detachment
Muster Roll 1870-1914

Jefferson, Curly Private 1908-1914 ∙ Jefferson, John Private 1905-1914 ∙ Jefferson, Sam + Private 1894 ∙ Jewell, Brady Private 1877-1878; 1881-1882 ∙ Johnson, Dan Sr. Private 1872-1874 ∙ Johnson, Daniel Private 1872-1874; 1876 ∙ July, Benjamin + 1st Sergeant 1882-1907 ∙ July, Billy + Corporal 1884-1914 ∙ July, Fay + 1st Sergeant 1893-1914 ∙ July, Carolina + Private 1874-1882 ∙ July, Charles (Cabo) + Private 1875-1879 ∙ July, Charles J. + Private 1908-1914 ∙ July, John Sergeant 1875-1884 ∙ July, Sampson + Sergeant 1875-1884 ∙ Kibbetts, George + Private 1894; 1902-1914 ∙ Kibbetts, John + 1st Sergeant 1870-1878 ∙ Kibbetts, Robert “Bobby” + Sergeant 1870-1905 ∙ King, Ben Private 1875 ∙ Long, William Private 1873-1876 ∙ Longorio, Julian Sergeant 1879-1889 ∙ Longorio, Manuel Corporal 1880-1886 ∙ Mariscal, Natividad Private 1876-1884 ∙ Maraschal, Trinida Private 1873-1876 ∙ McCallip, Pleasants Private 1872-1877 ∙ McClain, Adam + Private 1898-1901 ∙ Miller, William Sergeant 1874-1878 ∙ Morton, Willis Private 1876-1878 ∙ Neco, Isidro Private 1880 ∙ Ortiz, Enrique Private 1886-1890
United States Scouts, Seminole-Negro Indian Scouts Detachment, 1870-1914 image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, August 12, 2010
4. United States Scouts, Seminole-Negro Indian Scouts Detachment, 1870-1914
Muster Roll Panel 3
∙ Payne, Aaron + Corporal 1871-1879 ∙ ★ Payne, (Paine) Adam + Private, 1873-1875 ∙ Payne, Adam Private 1893-1894 ∙ Payne, Bully Private 1893-1895 ∙ Payne, Caesar Private 1871-1874; 1877-1879 ∙ Payne, Charles Private 1894; 1898-1901 ∙ Payne, Daniel Private 1873-1876 ∙ Payne, Davis + Private 1876-1879 ∙ ★ Payne, Isaac + Corporal (Bugler) 1871-1889; 1893-1901 ∙ Payne, Robert Private 1872-1877; 1882-1884; 1890-1894 ∙ Payne, Plantz Private 1889-1890 ∙ Payne, Titus + Private 1871-1872 ∙ Perryman, James (Jim) + Private 1873-1884 ∙ Perryman, Ignacio + Private 1893-1894; 19907-1914 ∙ Perryman, Isaac + Sergeant 1872-1885; 1889-1907 ∙ Perryman, Pompey + Sergeant 1878-1894 ∙ Phillips, Joe + Private 1871-1877 ∙ Phillips, John + Private 1872-1880 ∙ Phillips, Joseph Private 1893-1894; 1900-1909 ∙ Philllips, Ned Private 1870-1872

★ Medal of Honor Recipient
+ Interred Seminole Scout Cemetery Brackettville, Texas
U.S.S

Panel 3
United States Scouts
Seminole-Negro Indian Scout Detachment
Muster Roll 1870-1914

Remo, John F (Joe) + Sergeant 1875-1894; 1905-1911 ∙ Ross, Asa Private 1873-1880 ∙ Sanches, Antonio Private 1887-1889; 1893-1914 ∙ Scott, William Private 1888-1889 ∙ Shields, Archibald+ Private
Seminole-Negro Indian Scout Detachment Marker, Fort Clark image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, August 12, 2010
5. Seminole-Negro Indian Scout Detachment Marker, Fort Clark
1881-1888 ∙ Shields, John + 1st Sergeant 1894; 1898-1901; 1904-1914 ∙ Shields, William Private 1887-1908 ∙ Simmons, George Private 1872-1875; 1878-1884 ∙ Tafoya, Jose Private 1879-1880 ∙ Thomas, John Private 1893-1894 ∙ Thomason, John + Private 1870-1883 ∙ Thompson, Joseph (Joe) + Private 1872-1885; 1894 ∙ Thompson, Merrick Private 1872-1874 ∙ Thompson, Prymus + Private 1877-1885; 1889-1894; 1898-1902 ∙ Vaughn, Henry Private 1875-1876 ∙ Voskes, Santon Private 1884 ∙ ★ Ward, John + Sergeant 1870-1894 ∙ Warrior, Carolino + Sergeant 1893-1894; 1901-1914 ∙ Warrior, Scott Private 1871-1876 ∙ Warrior, Bill Corporal 1871-1882 ∙Washington, Alfred Private 1888-1889 ∙ Washington, Andrew Private 1872-1880 ∙ Washington, Andrew (2nd) Private 1893-1894 ∙ Washington, Sam + Private 1893-1914 ∙ Washington, George Private 1870-1874 ∙ Washington, Henry Private 1882-1895 ∙ White, Lewis (Louis) + Private 1874-1884 ∙ Williams, Bill + Sergeant 1881-1907 ∙ Williams, Charles Private 1882-1884 ∙ Williams, Henry Private 1882-1884 ∙ Williams, Jim (James) Private 1874-1875 ∙ Wilson, Ariel Corporal 1874-1877 ∙ Wilson, Ben + Private 1871-1888 ∙ Wilson, Ben II Corporal (Farrier) 1871-1894 ∙ Wilson, Billy + Private 1893-1894; 1901-1914 ∙ Wilson, Brisban (Bristow) Private 1877-1878; 1883-1884 ∙ Wilson, Coffy (Cuffy) Private 1871-1874 ∙ Wilson, Cuff Private 1882-1884 ∙ Wilson, Isaac + Private 1907-1914 ∙ Wilson, James Private 1871-1875 ∙ Wilson, Jasper + Private 1893-1894 ∙ Wilson, Kelina + Private 1871-1872 ∙ Wilson, Peter Private 1871-1873 ∙ Wilson, Tony + Private 1871-1874; 1876; 1879-1882 ∙ Wilson, Tony II + Private 1893-1895 ∙ Wilson, William I Private 1872-1887 ∙ Wilson, William II Private 1894; 1901-1914 ∙ Wood, John Private 1870 ∙ Woryer, Henry + Private 1882-1884

★ Medal of Honor Recipient
+ Interred Seminole Scout Cemetery Brackettville, Texas
U.S.S

 
Erected 2005 by Fort Clark Historical Society.
 
Location. 29° 18.418′ N, 100° 25.229′ W. Marker is in Brackettville, Texas, in Kinney County. Marker is at the intersection of Colony Row and McClernand Road, on the right when traveling west on Colony Row. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Brackettville TX 78832, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. U.S. Army Unit Memorial (here, next to this marker); 2nd Cavalry Division at Fort Clark (a few steps from this marker); Officers' Club Open Mess (within shouting distance of this marker); Officers Quarters 2-3 and 4 (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Fort Clark Historic District (about 500 feet away); Army Service Club (about 500 feet away); Fight at Las Moras Spring (about 600 feet away); Married Officers' Quarters 8-9 (about 600 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Brackettville.
 
More about this marker. The marker panels are to be found between MacKenzie and McClernand Roads, on the Scouts' monument which is adjacent to the old post flag pole, the base of which contains plaques commemorating the various U.S. Army units historically assigned to Fort Clark and the Medal of Honor recipients among the post's residents.
 
Regarding Seminole-Negro Indian Scout Detachment. The Texas Historical Commission website describes another marker commemorating the Black Seminole Scouts on the Fort Clark Springs property. However, it could not be found at the assigned location on an unnamed road, southeast of the property's main entrance off U.S. Hwy 90. Its text:

"Seminole Scout Camp on Fort Clark. Under Spanish rule, Florida was a haven for freed or escaped slaves in the 1700s. Once there, many integrated into the Seminole tribe, intermarrying and adapting to the culture. Florida became a U.S. territory in 1821, and after approximately 30 years of warfare, the majority of the Seminoles were forced to relocate to the Indian Territory (Oklahoma). Tribal leaders Coacoochee (Wild Cat) and John Horse gathered a group of Seminoles in 1850 and left the Indian Territory for Mexico. There, under an agreement with the Mexican government, they Settled and fought against raiding tribes along the Rio Grande. In 1870, the U.S. Army offered the group pay and rations to move to Fort Clark, established in 1852 to protect settlers along the border. The black Seminoles became scouts for the Army, serving under Lt. John L. Bullis and other noted officers during Texas' Indian wars. The Seminole-Negro Indian scouts, as they were known, lived on the fort in a settlement referred to as "the camp." They built homes in the Mexican jacal style, using wattle and daub construction and thatched roofs. The scouts and their families also built dams and irrigation systems along Las Moras Creek for farming. The Seminoles lived on the fort until 1914, when the scouts were disbanded. Some returned to Mexico, many stayed in the Brackettville area and some moved to Oklahoma, where the Seminole nation was granted sovereignty. Still others remained, buried in the scouts' cemetery (1.5 mi. SW), which was established in 1872. Among those buried there are four scouts who earned Congressional medals of honor: Adam Payne (Paine), Isaac Payne, John Ward and Pompey Factor. (2002)"
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
 
Also see . . .
1. Black Seminoles. (Submitted on September 6, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
2. Friends of the Fort Clark Historic District. Guided tours, presentations and programs, genealogical and archival research assistance ... and much more. (Submitted on August 13, 2013, by William F Haenn of Fort Clark (Brackettville), Texas.) 
 
Categories. African AmericansForts, CastlesNative AmericansWars, US Indian
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,155 times since then and 8 times this year. Last updated on , by William F Haenn of Fort Clark (Brackettville), Texas. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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