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Middleburg in Loudoun County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Battle of Middleburg

Searching for Lee

 

—Gettysburg Campaign —

 
Battle of Middleburg Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 20, 2012
1. Battle of Middleburg Marker
Inscription. (Preface):
After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley,then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into Pennsylvania. Union Gen. George G. Meade, who replaced Gen. Joseph Hooker on June 28, led the Army of the Potomac in pursuit. The armies collided at Gettysburg on July 1, starting a battle that neither general planned to fight there. Three days later, the defeated Confederates retreated crossing the Potomac River into Virginia on July 14.

You are standing where part of the Battle of Middleburg took place in June 1863, as Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry division screened the march of Gen. Robert E. Lee's infantry to the Shenandoah Valley from prying Federal eyes. Campfires burned brightly at Union Gen. Joseph Hooker's headquarters near Fredericksburg on the night of June 16, as he pondered the best means of determining exactly where Lee was headed with the Army of Northern Virginia. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton, commander of the Union Cavalry Corps, urged Hooker to probe in force toward the Shenandoah Valley. But Hooker, still haunted by his recent failure at Chancellorsville, decided on a limited reconnaissance instead and elected to send forward only one regiment, the 1st Rhode
Portraits of Gen. Stuart and Col. Duffié image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 20, 2012
2. Portraits of Gen. Stuart and Col. Duffié
Island Cavalry.

On June 17, Col. Alfred N.A. Duffié led the Rhode Islanders through Thoroughfare Gap toward Middleburg. Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart had made his headquarters in Middleburg, and Duffié's sudden arrival forced him to beat an undignified retreat. That evening, Stuart ordered Gen. Beverly H. Robertson to retake the town with his 4th and 5th North Carolina Cavalry regiments. Following a terrific fight here along The Plains Road just south of Middleburg, the Rhode Islanders retired south in peremptory haste to Burnt Mill Run. On the morning of June 18, Southern cavalry overwhelmed the regiment there, capturing more than 200 men. Duffié escaped with part of his command.

"We trusted our leaders, but it seemed that someone had blundered in sending so small a body of cavalry so far from the main column." - Pvt. Albert P. Tasker, 1st Rhode Island Cavalry
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 57.987′ N, 77° 44.323′ W. Marker is in Middleburg, Virginia, in Loudoun County. Marker is on The Plains Road (County Route 626), on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Located behind the National Sporting
Surrender! image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 20, 2012
3. Surrender!
Library and Museum. Marker is in this post office area: Middleburg VA 20117, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Middleburg (approx. 0.3 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Middleburg (approx. 1.6 miles away); Mosby’s Rangers (approx. 3.7 miles away); Welbourne (approx. 3.7 miles away); Rector’s Crossroads (approx. 3.8 miles away); Sergeant Major John Champe (approx. 3.8 miles away); Rector House (approx. 3.8 miles away); A Revolutionary War Hero (approx. 3.9 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Middleburg.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Civil War Trails sites in Loudoun Valley image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 20, 2012
4. Civil War Trails sites in Loudoun Valley
Notice the north seeking arrow points down on this map.
Battle of Middleburg Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 20, 2012
5. Battle of Middleburg Marker
The Plains Road image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 20, 2012
6. The Plains Road
The Plains Road, while paved today, still runs past stone walls as it leaves the town of Middleburg to the south.
Memorial to Civil War Horses image. Click for full size.
By Linda Walcroft, July 12, 2013
7. Memorial to Civil War Horses
In the courtyard of the National Sporting Library and Museum, within site of the marker.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 869 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   7. submitted on , by Linda Walcroft of Strasburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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