“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Friona in Parmer County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)


Friona Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, May 3, 2012
1. Friona Marker
Inscription. When established by the XIT Ranch in 1898, this community was originally called Frio, after Frio (Cold) Draw, and it served as a shipping point on the recently built Pecos & Northern Texas Railroad. In 1906, the George G. Wright Land Co. took options on area lands and initiated a colonization project, promising fertile land and a healthful climate to attract prospective settlers from Ohio to Kansas. The company erected a hotel, livery stable and a bank. The town's name changed to Friona when the post office opened March 16, 1907. Sarah D. Olson served as the community's first postmaster. That same year, Parmer County organized, and the Union Congregational Church became Friona's first church. A school opened the following year.

A controversy between Friona and Farwell over the location of the county seat led to an election in 1913. Voters chose Farwell and Friona residents contested the results, but a court ruled in 1916 in favor of Farwell. That year, S.A. Harris began publishing a local newspaper, the Friona Sentinel; it became the Friona Star in 1925. Residents voted to incorporate the city in 1928, electing John W. White as mayor.

In the latter part of the 20th century, Friona served as a regional marketing center for agricultural and beef products, and claimed the distinction of “Grain Sorghum
Friona Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, May 3, 2012
2. Friona Marker
Capital of the World.” A June 1995 tornado destroyed the original historical marker for the community, and during the town's centennial year, 2006, citizens dedicated this replacement marker in City Park, across the street from the old Syndicate Hotel.
Erected 2006 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 2067.)
Location. 34° 38.287′ N, 102° 43.101′ W. Marker is in Friona, Texas, in Parmer County. Marker is at the intersection of South Main Street (Texas Route 214) and East 8th Street, on the right when traveling north on South Main Street. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 700 South Main Street, Friona TX 79035, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 13 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Friona Schools (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Site of First Church in City of Friona (approx. 0.2 miles away); Friona Women's Clubs (approx. 0.2 miles away); Site of Parmerton (approx. 6.2 miles away); Black Community (approx. 7.4 miles away); Bovina (approx. 12.6 miles away); Bovina Cemetery (approx. 12.6 miles away); Bovina United Methodist Church (approx. 12.8 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Friona.
Categories. Settlements & Settlers
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. This page has been viewed 223 times since then and 42 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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