Elkin in Surry County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Elkin Manufacturing Company
Welcoming the Raiders
—Stoneman's Raid —
On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad, the North Carolina Railroad, and the Piedmont Railroad. He struck at Boone on March 28, headed into Virginia on April 2, and returned to North Carolina a week later. Stoneman's Raid ended at Asheville on April 26, the day that Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston surrendered to Union Gen. William T. Sherman near Durham.
This is the site of the Elkin Manufacturing Company, a cotton mill where 60 women produced Confederate uniform cloth. Richard Ransome Gwyn, the manager, lived in the Greek Revival house up the slope to your left.
On April 1, 1865, a 2,000-man detachment of Union Gen. George Stoneman's cavalry raiders under Col. William J. Palmer rode into Elkin. The mill workers "welomed the Yankees," who seized 500 bales of cotton and flour, meat, honey, butter, molasses, tobacco, and chestnuts—"a perfect God-send to us," one hungry soldier wrote. Palmer ordered three gristmills to grind meal for his men. Gwyn quartered the officers at his home.
According to local tradition, a common bond of Freemasonry may explain why Palmer spared
Stoneman, bivouacked on the south side of the high-water Yadkin River, signaled Palmer late in the day that the level was falling. Stoneman's command crossed over the next morning, using a ferryboat rope, and the reunited cavalrymen continued their road.
Erected by North Carolina Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 36° 14.62′ N, 80° 51.24′ W. Marker is in Elkin, North Carolina, in Surry County. Marker is at the intersection of Main Street and Front Street, on the left when traveling east on Main Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Elkin NC 28621, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 12 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Kings Mountain Campaign of 1780 (approx. 0.8 miles away); Surry County Muster Site Surry Muster Field (approx. 0.8 miles away); Jonesville (approx. 1.6 miles away); Benjamin Cleveland (approx. 5.3 miles away); Richard Allen, Sr. (approx. 8.7 miles away); Flat Rock Baptist Church (approx. 10.9 miles away); North Wilkesboro Speedway (approx. 11.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Elkin.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Michael C. Wilcox of Winston-Salem, North Carolina. This page has been viewed 454 times since then and 24 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Michael C. Wilcox of Winston-Salem, North Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.