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Sanford in Seminole County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Second Seminole War

1835-1842

 
 
Second Seminole War Marker image. Click for full size.
By AGS Media, December 30, 2011
1. Second Seminole War Marker
Inscription. The Second Seminole War was the most costly war, in lives and money, ever fought by the United States government against Native Americans. This second of three wars resulted from the Treaty of Payne's Landing in 1832 which required the Seminoles to leave Florida. The Seminoles refused to leave and the war began. In 1836, Camp Monroe was established as the East Florida headquarters for the US Army. The camp was positioned strategically on the southern shore of Lake Monroe on the St. Johns River. On February 8, 1837, Camp Monroe was attacked by Seminoles led by Coacoochee. Captain Charles Mellon was killed in the battle and the camp was renamed Fort Mellon on February 11. The war continued until 1845 at the cost of millions of dollars and thousands of lives. Many Seminoles were forced to leave Florida and settle on land west of the Mississippi River. Some Seminoles hid in the Everglades and fought again in the Third Seminole War in 1855.

[ Illustration ] "Oseola at Lake Monroe"
Osceola (1804 - 1838) was born in Alabama & came to Florida at an early age. Osceola was never a "chief" of the Seminoles, but he was a fierce leader who had many followers among the Seminoles. Osceola's main encampment was here on the southern shore of Lake Monroe. Osceola led a valiant attempt to resist the U.S. government's efforts
Second Seminole War Marker image. Click for full size.
By AGS Media, December 30, 2011
2. Second Seminole War Marker
Portrait of Osceola
to remove the Seminoles from Florida. After leading many fierce battles against the soldiers, Osceola was captured under a white flag of truce in October 1837. He was taken to Fort Moultrie in South Carolina, where he died in January 1838 of what is thought to be strep throat.

[ Illustration ] • (portrait engraving: Coacoochee)
Coacoochee (1810 -1857), also known as Wild Cat, was born to a sister of Micanopy (Chief of the Seminole Nation) and King Philip (Emathla, Cheif of a Mikasuki tribe) in Mosquito County, now Seminole County. King Philip (Emathla) and Coacoochee led the attack against Camp Monroe (Fort Mellon) on February 8, 1837. Coacoochee became the most respected war chief after the death of Osceola. Coacoochee was captured several times, but escaped. He was captured again in October 1841 and sent to a reservation in the Arkansas Territory (now Oklahoma). In 1845, he was taken to Texas to assist on a peace mission, but instead Coacoochee traveled throughout Texas for four years, inciting hostile Indians. He recruited some Kickapoo warriors and with his following of Seminoles and Blacks, they escaped into Mexico. He died of smallpox in Mexico in 1857.

[ Illustration ] "N.W. view of Fort Mellon, Lake Monroe, 1837" - JRV
Fort Mellon was located on Lake Monroe at the foot of the US Army road that
Second Seminole War Marker image. Click for full size.
By AGS Media, December 30, 2011
3. Second Seminole War Marker
Portrait of Coacoochee
is Mellonville Avenue today. The fort stood until after the Civil War when the town of Mellonville grew up around the site. This view of Fort Mellon was drawn by Capt. John Rogers Vinton, of the US Army Third Artillery, who was stationed at the fort in 1837.

[ Illustration ] • (Distinctive Unit Insignia, US 2nd Cavalry Regiment), "Toujours Pret"
The US Army Second Regiment of Dragoons was stationed at Fort Mellon from 1837 through 1841. The palmetto leaf on the unit insignia represents the Second Seminole War. This regiment fought during Operation Desert Storm as the Second Armored Cavalry Regiment and as the Second Stryker Cavalry Regiment during Operation Iraqi Freedom.
 
Location. 28° 48.898′ N, 81° 16.087′ W. Marker is in Sanford, Florida, in Seminole County. Marker is on Seminole Boulevard north of North Park Avenue, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. The marker is located in the City of Sanford's Veterans Memorial Park, which extends over a pier out into Lake Monroe. The marker is found near the park's entrance at the south end of the pier, along its west boardwalk. Marker is in this post office area: Sanford FL 32771, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Seminole County World War Monument (here, next to this marker); Civil War
Second Seminole War Marker image. Click for full size.
By AGS Media, December 30, 2011
4. Second Seminole War Marker
"N.W. view of Fort Mellon, Lake Monroe, 1837"
(a few steps from this marker); Veterans Memorial Park (a few steps from this marker); Vietnam War (within shouting distance of this marker); Korean War (within shouting distance of this marker); World War II (within shouting distance of this marker); City of Sanford World War Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); The Gate City of South Florida (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Sanford.
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesNative AmericansWar, 1st Iraq & Desert StormWar, 2nd IraqWars, US Indian
 
Second Seminole War Marker image. Click for full size.
By AGS Media, December 30, 2011
5. Second Seminole War Marker
The US 2nd Cavalry Regiment's Distinctive Unit Insignia
Motto: "Toujours Pręt"
(English: "Always Ready")
Second Seminole War Marker image. Click for full size.
By AGS Media, December 30, 2011
6. Second Seminole War Marker
Osceola image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, August 9, 2015
7. Osceola
This 1838 portrait of Osceola by George Catlin hangs in the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, DC.

“The Seminole Indians of the Southeast were directly affected by Andrew Jackson's policy of Indian removal, and although a portion of his tribe's leadership gave in to the federal government, Osceola led the resistance. Unlike Black Hawk, who fought the Americans in the West, Osceola did not take on the U.S. military in open battle, but conducted a campaign of guerrilla warfare, harassing federal authorities from the Seminole base in the Everglades. Osceola was captured after the Americans violated a flag of truce. He died in prison shortly thereafter, but the Seminole, famously, never surrendered to the United States.” — National Portrait Gallery
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Glenn Sheffield of Tampa, Florida. This page has been viewed 707 times since then and 38 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Glenn Sheffield of Tampa, Florida.   7. submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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