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Berlin, Germany — Northeast German Plain (The European Plain)
Baudenkmal Berliner Mauer
[Berlin Wall Monument]
 
<i>Baudenkmal Berliner Mauer</i> [Berlin Wall Mounment] Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Richard E. Miller, May 26, 2012
1. Baudenkmal Berliner Mauer [Berlin Wall Mounment] Marker
 
Inscription.
German Text: …

English Text:

The Berlin Wall became an international symbol of the division of Germany after the Second World War and also of the Cold War between East and West.

The construction of the Berlin Wall began on August 13, 1961. The government of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) built this more than 150-km-long barrier to hermetically seal off East Berlin and the rest of the GDR. More than 2.7 million people had fled the GDR between October 1949 and August 1961, the majority of them across border separating Berlin’s Eastern and Western sectors. The Wall was designed to halt this stream of refugees and make it impossible to cross the border unchecked.

The installation consisted of several sections: a “front wall” and a “hinterland wall,” an inner track with a patrol path, watchtowers, and barrier fortifications. By 1989, at least 136 people had lost their lives at the Wall, 98 of them while trying to flee. Most of them were shot down by GDR border guards.

Reforms in the Soviet Union and the rapidly growing protest movement in the GDR population, but also the flight of thousands of GDR citizens via Eastern European countries, led to the peaceful “fall” of the Wall on November 9, 1989. Soon afterwards, the first sections
 
<b><i>"Topographie Des Terrors"</b>: Gestapo, SS und Reichssicherheitshauptamt</i> Photo, Click for full size
By Richard E. Miller, May 26, 2012
2. "Topographie Des Terrors": Gestapo, SS und Reichssicherheitshauptamt
- Berlin: 1933-1945
entrance sign for the adjacent Topography of Terrors Museum, a documentary of the Nazi era in Berlin.
 
of the barrier were torn down. Even before the reunification of Germany on October 3, 1990, the Wall had largely disappeared from the Berlin cityscape.

At the request of the Topography of Terror, the remaining 200 meters of the Wall at Niederkirchnerstrase, which marked the border between the districts of Mitte (East Berlin) and Kreuzberg (West Berlin) have been preserved with all the traces of destruction that occurred during the transitional period. This fragment of the Wall, designated a historical monument in 1990, now forms part of the Topography of Terror Documentation Center. As one of the few surviving sections of the Wall in the city, it is also one of the central sites in the “Overall Concept for the Berlin Wall” developed by the Berlin Senate.
 
Erected by Topography of Terror Documentation Center.
 
Location. 52° 30.422′ N, 13° 22.958′ E. Marker is in Berlin, Berlin. Marker is on Niederkirchnerstraße just east of Stresemannstraße, on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: Niederkirchnerstraße 8, Berlin 10963, Germany.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 4 other markers are within 6 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Checkpoint Charlie Site (approx. half a kilometer away); Pariser Platz (approx. 1.1 kilometers away); Soviet War Memorial (approx. 1.3 kilometers away); Charlottenburg Palace (approx. 6 kilometers away).
 
<i>Baudenkmal Berliner Mauer</i> Photo, Click for full size
By Richard E. Miller, May 26, 2012
3. Baudenkmal Berliner Mauer
Visitors in front of the Topography of Terror complex's new "Documentation" Building and in the rear along the inner side of "the Wall" take in the sights above the original, open-air "trench" exhibits, visible beneath their canopies at ground level.
 

 
Also see . . .
1. Berling Wall Monument. (Submitted on July 11, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
2. Topography of Terror. (Submitted on July 20, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
 
Additional keywords. Topographie des Terrors
 
The <b><i>"Topographie Des Terrors"</i></b> museum complex Photo, Click for full size
By Richard E. Miller, May 26, 2012
4. The "Topographie Des Terrors" museum complex
- viewed from the corner of Wilhelmstraße and Niederkirchnerstraße, looking west with "the Wall" at right, middle.
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on July 10, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 386 times since then. Last updated on July 24, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 10, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   3, 4. submitted on July 20, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
 
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