“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Carthage in Hancock County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)

Historic Carthage Jail

Historic Carthage Jail Marker image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, June 10, 2012
1. Historic Carthage Jail Marker
Alexander Sympson knew Lincoln when they were small boys in Kentucky. Like Lincoln, he moved to Illinois in the 1830's, and arrived in Carthage in early 1844, just as contention with the Mormons was peaking. In 1858 Sympson was the most optimistic of local Lincoln enthusiasts during the Senate race. He hosted Lincoln in his home in Carthage on October 22, 1858. The house became a focal point of the grand procession of wagons and carriages that streamed into Carthage from all directions. Multitudes marched by the house, sheering Lincoln in a parade stretching "over three miles long" that "wound all around and through town and around the public square." Sympson was on Lincoln's short list of "confidential friends." Lincoln trusted him with a delicate political task; to quietly encourage local supporters of President James Buchanan in his intraparty feud with Stephen Douglas in hopes of splitting the Democratic Party and weakening Douglas. The strategy failed.

Alexander Sympson was new to Carthage in 1844 when Illinois Governor Thomas Ford paraded Joseph and Hyrum Smith as prisoners before assembled militia troops on the courthouse grounds the morning after the Mormon leaders arrived to answer riot charges. Some troops rebelled at the Mormon prisoners being introduced with military dignities,

Historic Carthage Jail image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, June 10, 2012
2. Historic Carthage Jail
forcing the Governor to intervene. Later that day, they were released pending trial in the autumn. But Justice of the Peace Robert F. Smith (also militia captain of the Carthage Greys) ordered the Smiths rearrested on new charges of treason. The courthouse was "crowded to suffocation" when the prisoners were escorted there through menacing crowds the next day, June 26, 1944. Their case was postponed again, so the Smiths were returned to this county jail and were murdered here the next day.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Looking for Lincoln marker series.
Location. 40° 24.906′ N, 91° 8.358′ W. Marker is in Carthage, Illinois, in Hancock County. Marker is on Walnut Street near Fayette Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Carthage IL 62321, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 7 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Lincoln in Hancock County (within shouting distance of this marker); The "Old Jail" (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Lincoln's Failed Murder Case (approx. mile away); Lincoln's Carthage Speech (approx. 0.3 miles away); Masonic Lodge Building of 1887 (approx. 0.3 miles away); Lincoln and Agriculture (approx. 0.3 miles away); Hamilton House (approx. 0.3 miles away).
Additional keywords. Joseph Smith, Mormon
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Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 273 times since then and 46 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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