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Lookout Mountain in Hamilton County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

The Battles for Chattanooga

1863

 
 
The Battles for Chattanooga Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 18, 2012
1. The Battles for Chattanooga Marker
Inscription.
A series of battles in 1863
secured Chattanooga
for the Union


The city of Chattanooga with its railroads and riverboats was a vital transportation center during the Civil War. Both armies recognized its importance. In the late summer and fall of 1863, several key military actions decided the fate of Chattanooga, and helped determine the fate of the Confederacy.

(1) Battle of Chickamauga - September 18-20
About 10 miles south of Chattanooga near West Chickamauga Creek, Confederate forces defeated the Union army in a bloody two-day battle. The Federals withdrew to Chattanooga and fortified the city.

(2) Siege of Chattanooga - September 22 to November 23
Confederates laid siege to the city of Chattanooga to force the Federals to surrender. Confederates occupied positions along the Tennessee River, Missionary Ridge, and Lookout Mountain.

(3) Union Army Reinforced - Late October
The besieged and hungry Federals managed to open a supply line through Lookout Valley into the city. With fresh troops and supplies, they were ready to fight by late November.

(4) Battle of Orchard Knob - November 23
Union troops stormed and captured Orchard Knob, a hill to the
The Battles for Chattanooga Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 18, 2012
2. The Battles for Chattanooga Marker
View of the historic marker in the foreground and the Point Park landscape in the background, including the northern crest of Lookout Mountain.
east of their defense line in the city.

(5) Battle of Lookout Mountain - November 24
Union forces drove the Confederates from their positions on Lookout Mountain. Because the mountain was partially shrouded in fog, the action was also called the "Battle Above the Clouds."

(6) Battle of Missionary Ridge - November 25
Union forces stormed and shattered Confederate units occupying Missionary Ridge. The siege was broken, and Chattanooga became the Federal base from which Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman would launch his Atlanta campaign in the spring of 1864.
 
Erected by Chickamauga-Chattanooga National Military Park.
 
Location. 35° 0.601′ N, 85° 20.624′ W. Marker is in Lookout Mountain, Tennessee, in Hamilton County. Marker is at the intersection of Point Park Road and East Brow Road on Point Park Road. Click for map. This historical marker is located at Point Park, on the northern crest of Lookout Mountain, in a portion of the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park. It is located just beyond the walk through entrance to Point Park and situated along a walkway that leads to Corput's Georgia Battery. Marker is in this post office area: Lookout Mountain TN 37350, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other
The Battles for Chattanooga Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 18, 2012
3. The Battles for Chattanooga Marker
View looking north of the historic maker (marker on right) situated along the walkway that leads to the Corput's Georgia Battery position on the northern crest of Lookout Mountain.
markers are within walking distance of this marker. Point Park (here, next to this marker); Stevenson's Division (a few steps from this marker); Occupation of the Summit of Lookout. (within shouting distance of this marker); Union Casualties (within shouting distance of this marker); Confederate Casualties (within shouting distance of this marker); 96th Illinois Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); Corput's Georgia Battery (within shouting distance of this marker); Confederate Forces – Battle of Lookout. (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Lookout Mountain.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 455 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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