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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Shenandoah Junction in Jefferson County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Duffields Depot Raid

Mosby Strikes the B&O

 

—1864 Valley Campaign —

 
Duffields Depot Raid Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 29, 2012
1. Duffields Depot Raid Marker
On the lower right is a drawing, Duffields Depot, from James A. Taylor Sketchbook (1989). In the center is a portrait of Lt. Col. John S. Mosby.
Inscription. (Preface):
The Federal offensive in the Shenandoah Valley begun in May 1864 faltered in the summer with Confederate victories and Gen. Jubal A. Early's Washington Raid in July. Union Gen. Philip H. Sheridan took command in August, defeated Early at Winchester in September and Cedar Creek in October, burned mills and bars, and crushed the remnants of Early's force at Waynesboro on March 2, 1865. Sheridan's victories contributed to President Abraham Lincoln's reelection in November 1864 and denied Gen. Robert E. Lee's army much-needed provisions from the "Breadbasket of the Confederacy."

This was the site of a daring raid by Lt. Co. John S. Mosby’s Partisan Rangers (43rd Battalion Virginia Cavalry) on June 29, 1864, to support Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early’s Washington Raid. As Early marched north down the Shenandoah Valley, Mosby and his men rode here from Upperville, Virginia. They planned to disrupt Federal communications by cutting telegraph wires and seizing a train on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad line. Mosby learned from captured Union pickets that an eastbound train was due at noon, in about fifteen minutes. Mosby quickly posted a howitzer on a knoll overlooking the depot, guardhouse, and stockade that housed the Federal garrison, sent a courier to the stockade, and informed the officer in charge that unless
Duffields Depot Raid Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 29, 2012
2. Duffields Depot Raid Marker
he surrendered, the Confederates would open fire. When the officer saw the howitzer and Mosby’s superior force, he surrendered.

While Mosby waited for the eastbound train, which had been delayed, his men ransacked the depot, seized supplies, and cut telegraph wires. When the train did not appear, Mosby burned most of the building except for the depot and escaped south with about 65 prisoners before the Federal reinforcements could arrive.

Union forces soon reoccupied the depot. The vital rail line remained a frequent target of Confederate raids. The Union regiments posted here to guard the railroad camped in the fields behind you, the station-master occupied the stone portion of the depot and commissary supplied were stored in the wooden part.
 
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 39° 21.78′ N, 77° 49.548′ W. Marker is in Shenandoah Junction, West Virginia, in Jefferson County. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 76 Melvin Road, Shenandoah Junction WV 25442, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. General William Darke (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct
Duffields Depot Raid Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 29, 2012
3. Duffields Depot Raid Marker
line); a different marker also named General William Darke (about 500 feet away); Peter Burr House (approx. 1.9 miles away); The Greenback Raid (approx. 2.1 miles away); "Travelers' Rest" (approx. 3.6 miles away); Col. Drake (approx. 3.7 miles away); Assessing the Obstacle (approx. 3.8 miles away); Johnsontown (approx. 3.8 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Shenandoah Junction.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Duffields Depot Raid Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 29, 2012
4. Duffields Depot Raid Marker
Jefferson County Marker Number 9 image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, February 9, 2008
5. Jefferson County Marker Number 9
This stone marker, erected the 1910s by the county's United Confederate Veterans chapter, was stop nine on a tour of Jefferson County's many Civil War sites.
Railroad at the site of Duffield's Depot image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, February 9, 2008
6. Railroad at the site of Duffield's Depot
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 441 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234.   3. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234.   4. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234.   5, 6. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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