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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Martinsburg in Berkeley County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Berkeley Hotel

Railroad Raids Survivor

 
 
Berkeley Hotel Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 30, 2012
1. Berkeley Hotel Marker
Railroad Raids Survivor
Inscription. This is one of the last surviving antebellum buildings in the area. It was constructed shortly after the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad reached Martinsburg in 1842. The adjacent railroad yards twice were Confederate Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s target.

The possession of Martinsburg, a strategic railroad center, was hotly contested during the early years of the war. On May 24, 1861, Gen. Joseph E. Johnson ordered Jackson to destroy the rolling stock here. Beginning in June, over the next the ten months more than 400 cars and 40 locomotives were taken, damaged, or destroyed. The Confederates also stripped the round-house complex of its stationary equipment, tools and 40-foot turntable but did not destroy the buildings. A few of the locomotives were disassembled, and 40-horse teams dragged them up the turnpikes to Strasburg. Several were transported in pieces to Richmond, reassembled, and returned to use.

In September-October 1862, after the Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg), Maryland, Jackson’s retreating column occupied Martinsburg. The Confederates destroyed almost 38 miles of track and burned the round-house, shops, warehouses, ticket and telegraph offices, company hotel, and other facilities. The privately owned Berkeley Hotel was spared.

The B&O bought the building in 1866, expanded it,
Berkeley Hotel Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 30, 2012
2. Berkeley Hotel Marker
and used it as the station, eating house, telegraph office, and hotel. In 1877 the trainmen and enginemen here struck to protest wage cuts, starting the “Great Strike of 1877” nationwide. Railroad and military officials suppressed the strike here, using this building as headquarters.
 
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 39° 27.534′ N, 77° 57.66′ W. Marker is in Martinsburg, West Virginia, in Berkeley County. Marker is on East Race Street. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 177 East Race Street, Martinsburg WV 25401, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Roundhouses and Shops / Railroad Strike of 1877 (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Shop Complex (about 300 feet away); Martinsburg Roundhouse (about 300 feet away); Baltimore and Ohio Roundhouse and Shop Complex (about 300 feet away); Belle Boyd House (about 300 feet away); a different marker also named Belle Boyd House
Berkeley Hotel Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 30, 2012
3. Berkeley Hotel Marker
(about 400 feet away); Avenue of Flags Monument (approx. ¼ mile away); Civil War Martinsburg (approx. ¼ mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Martinsburg.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 460 times since then and 17 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234.   3. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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