“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Berkeley Springs in Morgan County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

A Winter Refuge

Berkeley Springs Hotel


—Jackson's Bath-Romney Campaign —

A Winter Refuge Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 30, 2012
1. A Winter Refuge Marker
Inscription. (Preface): On January 1, 1862, Confederate Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson led four brigades west from Winchester, Va., to secure Romney in the fertile South Branch Valley on the North Western Turnpike. He attacked and occupied Bath on January 4 and shelled Hancock, Md.; he marched into Romney on January 14. Despite atrocious winter weather, Jackson's men destroyed telegraph lines and 100 miles of Baltimore and Ohio Railroad track. Leaving Gen. William W. Loring's brigades in Romney, Jackson led the Stonewall Brigade back to Winchester on January 23. Loring followed on January 31, and the Federals reoccupied Romney on February 7.

On January 4, 1862, after a day-long battle for the town of Bath (present-day Berkeley Springs), Confederate soldiers in the Stonewall Brigade commandeered the hotel and the buildings surrounding the springs for relief from the sting of the harsh winter weather. The Union family of Federal officer David Hunter Strother (who was also a writer and artist who called himself Porte Crayon) owned the hotel. The Confederates damaged the hotel and its furnishings, in part by breaking up furniture or firewood.

Pvt. William Kinzer, 4th Virginia Infantry, wrote in his diary that as the sun set over the snow-covered mountains, “Our company is quartered in a parlor of the Spring Hotel. Mattresses
A Winter Refuge Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 30, 2012
2. A Winter Refuge Marker
were spread over the floor and soon all were in the land of nod”.

Other Confederate soldiers, however, were not as fortunate. Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson ordered Gen. William W. Loring’s brigade forward to attack Union positions at Great Cacapon, Sir Johns Run, and Hancock, and Loring’s men marched on in the snow until 2:A. M. Bitterness over the apparent favoritism shown to the Stonewall Brigade at Bath festered within Loring’s ranks for the rest of the campaign. The resulting turmoil and dissension within the army culminated at Romney three weeks later, when Jackson and the Stonewall Brigade returned to Winchester first, followed by Loring, thereby reversing Jackson’s gains in what had been a successful winter campaign.

"I was permitted to take ... part of my company into the vacated Berkeley Springs hotel. ... There was 'the banquet hall deserted'; the men took possession of that and soon had a fire roaring in the wide chimney. There was the ball room, empty, and echoing departed music and merriment and the soft sound of dancing feet." - Lt. Henry Kyd Douglas, 2nd Virginia Infantry
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
A Winter Refuge Marker image. Click for full size.
July 14, 2013
3. A Winter Refuge Marker
Marker is on right.
39° 37.548′ N, 78° 13.74′ W. Marker is in Berkeley Springs, West Virginia, in Morgan County. Marker is at the intersection of Washington Street and Liberty Street on Washington Street. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 110 Washington Street, Berkeley Springs WV 25411, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Centennial Time Capsule (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Berkeley Springs Baths (about 500 feet away); Berkeley Springs Sanitarium (about 500 feet away); Berkeley Springs / James Rumsey (about 500 feet away); Battle for Bath (about 600 feet away); Morgan County Veteran's Monument (about 600 feet away); Campaign in the Snow (about 600 feet away); Washington Heritage Trail (about 600 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Berkeley Springs.
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 326 times since then and 66 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234.   2. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234.   3. submitted on . • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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