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Romney in Hampshire County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Jackson's Headquarters

John B. White House

 

—Jackson's Bath-Romney Campaign —

 
Jackson''s Headquarters Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 30, 2012
1. Jackson''s Headquarters Marker
Inscription. (Preface): On January 1, 1862, Confederate Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson led four brigades west from Winchester, Va., to secure Romney in the fertile South Branch Valley on the North Western Turnpike. He attacked and occupied Bath on January 4 and shelled Hancock, Md.; he marched into Romney on January 14. Despite atrocious winter weather, Jackson's men destroyed telegraph lines and 100 miles of Baltimore and Ohio Railroad track. Leaving Gen. William W. Loring's brigades in Romney, Jackson led the Stonewall Brigade back to Winchester on January 23. Loring followed on January 31, and the Federals reoccupied Romney on February 7.

Confederate Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson made his headquarters here in John Baker White’s brick house on January 14, 1862. When Union Gen Frederick W. Lander’s forces evacuated Romney on January 10 as Jackson approached, they left behind $60,000 worth of stores as well as fully stocked camps, including their tents. Jackson’s men, who had suffered from extreme cold and heavy snow throughout the campaign, appreciated access to warm, dry clothing and rations.

While Jackson occupied White’s house, he laid plans to pursue the Federal force and telegraphed the Confederate War Department to request additional troops, including cavalry. He hoped to capture Cumberland, Maryland,
Jackson''s Headquarters Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 30, 2012
2. Jackson''s Headquarters Marker
but when reinforcements were not forthcoming, he planned instead simply to continue west and destroy the railroad bridge at New Creek Station (present-day Keyser). Morale among the men was so low, however, especially in Gen. William W. Loring’s brigades, that Jackson reluctantly abandoned that plan as well. Convinced that Loring’s men were unfit for winter campaigning, Jackson decided to leave them here and march his beloved Stonewall Brigade back to Winchester, then perhaps lead it into action.

Jackson and the brigade departed Romney on January 23 for Winchester. Loring began undermining Jackson’s reputation with the War Department, and on January 31, Jackson received a telegram from Secretary of War Judah P. Benjamin outside military channels directing him to order Loring to leave Romney. Outraged at the breach of protocol and blatant interference, Jackson resigned but eventually was persuaded to remain in service.
 
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 39° 20.454′ N, 78° 45.216′ W. Marker is in Romney, West Virginia, in Hampshire County. Marker is on Main Street (U.S. 50), on the right when traveling east. Click for map
Jackson''s Headquarters Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 30, 2012
3. Jackson''s Headquarters Marker
. Marker is in this post office area: Romney WV 26757, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. W. Va School for the Deaf and Blind (within shouting distance of this marker); Romney In The Civil War (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Grapeshot Among the Pines (about 600 feet away); Hampshire County World War I Memorial (approx. 0.2 miles away); Old Literary Hall (approx. 0.2 miles away); Romney / Early Memorial (approx. 0.2 miles away); Hampshire County Courthouse (approx. 0.2 miles away); Romney in 1861–1865 / “Stonewall” Jackson (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Romney.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Jackson''s Headquarters Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 30, 2012
4. Jackson''s Headquarters Marker
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 548 times since then and 26 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234.   4. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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