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Front Royal in Warren County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Courthouse

Front Royal Street Fighting

 

—Battle of Front Royal, May 23, 1862 —

 
The Courthouse Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, September 29, 2006
1. The Courthouse Marker
Inscription. As Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s army pushed its way into Front Royal, Col. Bradley T. Johnson’s 1st Maryland Infantry (CSA) confronted Col. John R. Kenly’s 1st Maryland Infantry (US). The street fighting grew especially hot here, between the Warren County Court House and the Confederate military hospital just across the street to the west.

Federal troops delivered “hot musketry fire” from the large windows of one of the two-story hospital buildings, threatening the Southern advance. Gen. Richard S. Ewell asked Johnson, “Colonel, can you take that building?” Johnson replied, “Yes, sir, in five- minutes.” His Marylanders, led by Capt. William H. Murray, charged and “the building was taken in half the time promised.” The tide of battle then flowed from the courthouse area north on Crescent Street toward Chester Street. House-to-house fighting ensued as the Federals retreated to Richardson’s Hill.

The Confederates were surprised to find themselves dodging
Capture of Front Royal and Courthouse Markers image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, September 29, 2006
2. Capture of Front Royal and Courthouse Markers
enthusiastic civilians as well as bullets when sucessionist women ran into the streets to greet their liberators, waving their bonnets, cheering and screaming. One soldier wrote, “Indeed the ladies were perfectly regardless of danger, balls flying in every direction, but there they stood, pointing out where some Yankees had hidden and encouraging us in every way.” Soon many of these women would be caring for the wounded of both sides.

(sidebar) In June, 1861, the Confederate government established three military hospitals in Front Royal. Federal troops use the two-story barrack-style building for cover during the battle on May 23, 1862.

The present Warren County courthouse was built in 1835-36 on the site of the antebellum one, which was also occupied by the 1st Maryland Infantry, USA during the battle.

Warren County was named for Gen. Joseph Warren, from Massachusetts, who was killed during the battle of Bunker Hill in 1775. The county was formed in 1836 from parts of Frederick and Shenandoah Counties.
 
Erected by
The Present Warren County Courthouse image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, September 29, 2006
3. The Present Warren County Courthouse
Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 55.071′ N, 78° 11.574′ W. Marker is in Front Royal, Virginia, in Warren County. Marker is at the intersection of Main Street and Royal Street (U.S. 240) on Main Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Front Royal VA 22630, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Capture of Front Royal (here, next to this marker); Warren County Korea & Vietnam Memorial (a few steps from this marker); Warren County World War I & II Memorial (a few steps from this marker); Warren County 9/11 Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); The Warren County Courthouse (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Front Royal.
 
Regarding The Courthouse. This marker is one of several from a driving tour of the Front Royal Battlefield. The markers are listed
Confederate Soldiers Memorial image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, September 29, 2006
4. Confederate Soldiers Memorial
CSA, 1861–1865. Unveiled July 4, 1911. This monument was erected to commemorate the courage and patriotism of the men from Warren County, who served honorably, in the Confederate Army. “To those who fought and lived, and to those who fought and died. To those who gave much, and those who gave all.”
in sequence on the Battle of Front Royal Virtual Tour by Markers link below.
 
Also see . . .
1. The Battle of Front Royal. This site is stop four on the driving tour of the Battle of Front Royal. (Submitted on October 6, 2006.) 

2. Battle of Front Royal Virtual Tour by Markers. (Submitted on November 18, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Confederate Soldiers Memorial Statue image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, September 29, 2006
5. Confederate Soldiers Memorial Statue
The Courthouse image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, October 12, 2014
6. The Courthouse
Close-up of photo on marker
The Warren County Courthouse image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, October 12, 2014
7. The Warren County Courthouse
In June, 1861, the Confederate government established three military hospitals in Front Royal. Federal troops use the two-story barrack-style building for cover during the battle on May 23, 1862.

The present Warren County courthouse was built in 1835-36 on the site of the antebellum one, which was also occupied by the 1st Maryland Infantry, USA during the battle.

Warren County was named for Gen. Joseph Warren, from Massachusetts, who was killed during the battle of Bunker Hill in 1775. The county was formed in 1836 from parts of Frederick and Shenandoah Counties.
Close-up of image on marker
Captain William H. Murray image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, October 12, 2014
8. Captain William H. Murray
The Battle of Front Royal<br>You are Here image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, October 12, 2014
9. The Battle of Front Royal
You are Here
Close-up of map on marker
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,797 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.   6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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