Beaufort in Beaufort County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Beaufort County, South Carolina
Exploration and Settlement
In 1520 the Spaniard, Francisco Gordillo, sailing from Hispaniola, stopped near Port Royal Sound long enough to call the place Santa Elena. Fourty-two years later, in 1562, Jean Ribaut and his French Huguenots named the region Port Royal and attempted a colony on Parris Island. It survived a year.
Alarmed by the French intrusion, the Spanish in 1566, built Fort San Phillipe which was destroyed following an Indian massacre and replaced by the larger San Marcos in 1577.
In 1586 St. Augustine was burned by the English Privateer, Sir Francis Drake, forcing the withdrawal of the Spanish from Port Royal. The Spanish maintained their claim, however, and a hundred years later destroyed the fledging Scottish Colony of Lord Cardross at Spanish Point.
The English explored Port Royal Sound in 1663 under Captain William Hilton followed by Robert Sanford in 1666. Sanford left Dr. Henry Woodward at Port Royal to establish trade with the Indians. By 1700 English planters and traders had established a foothold in the area but the Spanish threat discouraged a permanent settlement. In 1711 Beaufort was founded and named for Henry Somerset, Duke of Beaufort. Thomas Nairn of St. Helena's Island and John Barnwell of Port Royal were most responsible for establishing
Easter Sunday, 1715, the Yemassee and Creek Indians attacked and burned Beaufort, massacring many settlers. Others escaped to a ship anchored in the river. The Militia was rallied and assisted Governor Craven in driving the Yemassee into Florida, from where they raided the sea islands until 1728.
Erected 2007 by Beaufort County.
Location. 32° 25.828′ N, 80° 40.384′ W. Marker is in Beaufort, South Carolina, in Beaufort County. Click for map. Marker is in Henry C. Chambers Waterfront Park. Marker is in this post office area: Beaufort SC 29902, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Beaufort County, South Carolina (here, next to this marker); Thomas Heyward, Jr. (here, next to this marker); Beaufort County South Carolina (here, next to this marker); Verdier House (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Beaufort South Carolina Tricentennial (about 700 feet away); First Fort (about 800 feet away); Tabernacle Baptist Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); Robert Smalls (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Beaufort.
Regarding Beaufort County, South Carolina. Carolina was divided in 1710 into South Carolina
Also see . . . Early History. "Indian attacks, sponsored by the Spanish, continued to harrass the settlers in the area. The Yemassee Indians were particularly fierce. Settlement of Savannah and the colony of Georgia was encouraged so as to set up a buffer from the Indians --in particular the area around Beaufort where indigo was thriving. Indians last significantly threatened the colony's existence in the Yemassee War of 1715." (Submitted on March 2, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.)
Categories. • Colonial Era • Exploration • Patriots & Patriotism • Wars, US Indian •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 2,127 times since then and 111 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.