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Christiana in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Christiana Riot Monument

 
 
Detail of Text of East Face of Monument (the presumed front of the obelisk) image. Click for full size.
By Geoff Marsh, March 2, 2008
1. Detail of Text of East Face of Monument (the presumed front of the obelisk)
Inscription. (East Face) In Commemoration of the “Christiana Riot” September 11, 1851, and the Treason Trials Sept. 29 – Dec. 17, 1851.

(North Face) Indicted for Treason US Circuit Court E.D. Pa. Aug. 1 1851: (list of 38 names).

(West Face) Tried Nov. 24, – Dec. 11, 1851, Castner Hanway, “Not Guilty.” He suffered for Freedom.

(South Face) Killed: Edward Gorsuch, he died for Law. Wounded: Dickson Gorsuch. father and son of Baltimore Co. Md. Joshua Gorsuch.
 
Erected 1911.
 
Location. 39° 57.321′ N, 75° 59.66′ W. Marker is in Christiana, Pennsylvania, in Lancaster County. Marker is at the intersection of Green Street and Slokum on Green Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Christiana PA 17509, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 9 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Christiana Riot (approx. 1.6 miles away); William Chester Ruth (approx. 2.8 miles away); Great Minquas Path (approx. 2.9 miles away); Kinzer (approx. 5 miles away); William C. Sproul (approx.
East Face (presumed front of monument) image. Click for full size.
By Geoff Marsh, March 2, 2008
2. East Face (presumed front of monument)
5.9 miles away); Dr. Charlotte Moore Sitterly (approx. 8.2 miles away); Ida Ella Ruth Jones (approx. 8.6 miles away); Lynching of Zachariah Walker (approx. 8.7 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Christiana.
 
Regarding Christiana Riot Monument. In early September 1851 Edward Gorsuch and party from Baltimore County, Maryland, set forth out of Philadelphia where they had obtained papers under the Fugitive Slave Act. The papers permitted them to recapture Gorsuch’s slaves who had escaped from his farm in 1849 and who were rumored to be living near Christiana, PA. On September 11, 1851 Gorsuch and his party came to a house on Valley Road outside of Christiana, where the escaped slaves were staying at the time with a charismatic, mercurial and sometimes violent African American abolitionist—William Parker. Attempts to present the documents from Philadephia were rebuffed with force and Gorsuch was killed in the ensuing conflict—his son being wounded as well. The events resulted in the Marylanders returning empty-handed and the participants defending the slaves being indicted on treason charges, though only one was tried and he was acquitted. Other charges
North Face image. Click for full size.
By Geoff Marsh, March 2, 2008
3. North Face
were brought against other participants (beyond the treason charges) but for the most part they were either acquitted or sentenced to time served.
 
Also see . . .  The Christiana Riot and the Treason Trials of 1851. "The Christiana Riot and the Treason Trials of 1851: An Historical Sketch" by W.U. Hensel consists of over 130 (short) pages of text about the events surrounding September 11, 1851 prepared for the 1911 commemoration of the events. (Submitted on March 2, 2008, by Geoff Marsh of Beltsville, Maryland.) 
 
Categories. Abolition & Underground RR
 
West Face image. Click for full size.
By Geoff Marsh, March 2, 2008
4. West Face
South Face image. Click for full size.
By Geoff Marsh, March 2, 2008
5. South Face
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Geoff Marsh of Beltsville, Maryland. This page has been viewed 4,378 times since then and 135 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Geoff Marsh of Beltsville, Maryland. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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