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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
St. Louis in Saint Louis County, Missouri — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

White Haven's Outbuildings

Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site

 
 
White Haven's Outbuildings Marker image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, June 14, 2012
1. White Haven's Outbuildings Marker
Inscription. Operating this 850-acre farm required numerous outbuildings. These included a spring house built over the spring to provide a cool place for crocks of butter and cheese; a barn behind the main house for livestock such as cows, pigs, and sheep; and a lime kiln built along Gravois Creek to fertilize the pastures. The remaining two buildings before you serve as reminders of the work necessary to operate a self-sufficient farm.

Ice House
Preservation of perishable foods required construction of an ice house. Thick stone walls built into the side of the hill provided insulation and drainage, while a steep pitched roof with a louvered cupola vented out warm air. Large blocks of ice were cut from rivers and ponds in the winter and transported to the ice house. One room was packed solid with ice blocks layered with sawdust for additional insulation. Foods placed in the rooms were thereby preserved through mid-summer.

Chicken House
Chickens and eggs were an important source of food and income for White Haven's residents. Caring for chickens was usually the responsibility of women. Enslaved cook Mary Robinson had Grant's dog Leo help her catch chickens for dinners. Julia raised several special breeds as pets and later the caretaker's wife Sarah and her daughters earned about $400 a year selling chickens and

Chicken House image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, June 14, 2012
2. Chicken House
eggs. The chicken house was moved to its present location by 1913.

Most farms kept at least fifty chickens on a half acre to produce enough eggs for family use and sale.
 
Location. 38° 33.125′ N, 90° 21.094′ W. Marker is in St. Louis, Missouri, in Saint Louis County. Marker can be reached from Grant Road. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 7400 Grant Road, Saint Louis MO 63123, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Slaves Only (here, next to this marker); The White Haven Estate: Other Houses (here, next to this marker); The Working Farm (here, next to this marker); Early Owners of the Farm (here, next to this marker); New Buildings for White Haven (here, next to this marker); The Roads to White Haven (here, next to this marker); Green Haven? (here, next to this marker); White Haven (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line). Click for a list of all markers in St. Louis.
 
Categories. AgricultureAnimals

 
Ice House image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, June 14, 2012
3. Ice House
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 209 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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