“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Fayetteville in Fayette County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Battle of Fayetteville

Defense and Retreat

Battle of Fayetteville Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 4, 2012
1. Battle of Fayetteville Marker
Inscription. During the Civil War, Fort Scammon stood in front of you on the hill behind the courthouse. There, on September 10, 1862, Union Col. Edward Siber and the 1,500 men of his 37th Ohio Infantry defended Fayetteville against Confederate Gen. William Loring’s 5,000-man army. Loring planned to occupy this area after learning in August that Federal troops were being transferred to eastern Virginia. The Kanawha River Valley north of here was strategically important to each side for defending southern West Virginia and as a staging area for attacks into the Ohio River Valley and northern West Virginia.

The action began at dawn two miles south on the Raleigh Road (present-day Nickelville Road) when Union pickets fired on Loring’s vanguard, then fell back fighting to Fort Beauford, half a mile south of here. Loring sent two regiments on a 13-mile flanking march to attack Fort Scammon from the west, and then continued the advance toward Fayetteville. Just short of Fort Beauford, and under a scathing artillery fire, he sent two other regiments against the eastern side of the fort.

In mid-afternoon, Siber charged Loring’s left flank three times with half his force but failed to dislodge the Confederates. Ten miles northwest at Gauley Bridge, meanwhile, Union Col. Joseph A.J. Lightburn heard the cannons and sent three regiments as
Battle of Fayetteville Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 4, 2012
2. Battle of Fayetteville Marker
reinforcements, but they arrived as Siber retreated to the Kanawha Valley. By September 16, the Federals had retreated all the way to Ohio. Confederate forces remained here until mid-October, then marched to Virginia and never again occupied this area.
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 38° 3.192′ N, 81° 6.252′ W. Marker is in Fayetteville, West Virginia, in Fayette County. Marker is at the intersection of North Court Street (State Highway 16) and Wiseman Avenue, on the right when traveling north on North Court Street. Click for map. This marker is on the Courthouse lawn. Marker is at or near this postal address: 310 North Court Street, Fayetteville WV 25840, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Abraham Vandal (a few steps from this marker); Fayetteville (a few steps from this marker); Marquis de Lafayette (within shouting distance of this marker); Vandalia Cemetery (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Fayetteville Town Park (approx. half
Battle of Fayetteville Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 4, 2012
3. Battle of Fayetteville Marker
a mile away); Indirect Firing (approx. 1.1 miles away); Townsend's Ferry (approx. 1.7 miles away); Salt Sand (approx. 4.8 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Fayetteville.
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 593 times since then and 164 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234.   3. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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