“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Hillsboro in Pocahontas County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Union Camp

Prelude to Battle of Droop Mountain

Union Camp Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 7, 2012
1. Union Camp Marker
Inscription. On November 5, 1863, Union Gen. William W. Averell established his command post and camp on the wide plain in front of you known as the Little Levels. Averell came here with his combined force of infantry and cavalry while conducting a raid on the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad. He also hoped to cut off and defeat Confederate Col. William L. Jackson’s 750-man force in the area. After a skirmish at Mill Point three miles north of here, Jackson and his men fell back through here to the summit of Droop Mountain and began to construct defensive works as Averell pushed south on the Lewisburg road to this point. Confederate Gen John Echols arrived on the mountain with reinforcements and took command.

While camped here, Averell developed his plan of attack. Under cover of artillery fire on November 6, he sent one column to climb the northern flank of Droop Mountain and demonstrate against the Confederate center. Meanwhile the remainder of his force made its way along a little-known route that passed west of Hillsboro and struck the flank. The Confederate line collapsed after an hour and a half of fighting, and the men fled down the south slope of Droop Mountain. The Union victory broke the Confederates’ hold on the area; they never again conducted a significant campaign there. It also made Federal railroad raids into Virginia and the railroad more likely.

"Around 6 o'clock, we were all sitting around the breakfast table unaware of there being any soldiers in our neighborhood, when we heard the firing of army guns just outside the house." - County resident Calvin L. Stulting, then eight years old, and later the uncle of noted writer Pearl S. Buck

(Sidebr): The house of Col. Paul McNeal, who had been a county delegate in the Virginia Secession Convention in 1861 and whose son was a Confederate officer, stood within sight of the camp.
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 38° 8.466′ N, 80° 12.24′ W. Marker is in Hillsboro, West Virginia, in Pocahontas County. Marker is on Main Street (U.S. 219), on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hillsboro WV 24946, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Birthplace of Pearl S. Buck (a few steps from this marker); Yankee Army Camp (a few steps from this marker); Hillsboro (approx. ¼ mile away); Mill Point (approx. 1.7 miles away); William L. "Mudwall" Jackson (approx. 2.4 miles away); 3rd West Virginia Mounted Infantry (approx. 3.7 miles away); 22nd Virginia Infantry (approx. 3.8 miles away); Chapman’s, Jackson’s, and Lurty’s Virginia Batteries (approx. 3.8 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Hillsboro.
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 281 times since then and 75 times this year. Photo   1. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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