Brownsville in Washington County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Battle of Maryland Heights
Maryland's First Civil War Battle
—Antietam Campaign 1862 —
On September 12-13, 1862, Maryland's first battle of the Civil War ranged on the mountain in front of you. Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee had ordered Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson to capture or destroy the Union garrison at Harpers Ferry that threatened the Confederate line of supply and communication during Lee's first invasion of the North. Jackson's subordinate, Gen. Lafayette McLaws, received the difficult task of seizing this mountain.
Four miles to your left is the Potomac River and a gap in the mountains of the Blue Ridge, where Harpers Ferry is located. There, 14,000 Union soldiers threatened the Confederate flank, and the problem had to be eliminated for Lee's advance to continue. McLaws
(Sidebar): The pacifist Anabaptist German religious sect nicknamed Dunkers for their form of baptism arrived in Pleasant Valley in the late 1700s. Generations were baptized here in Israel Creek, where they were submerged three times in honor of the Trinity. The battles of Maryland Heights and South Mountain interrupted their peaceful way of life, but their church and farms were not wrecked like those of the Antietam Dunkers. The Dunkers still thrive in Pleasant Valley, worshipping here at the Brownsville
Erected 2012 by Maryland Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 22.14′ N, 77° 40.201′ W. Marker is in Brownsville, Maryland, in Washington County. Marker is on Rohrersville Road (State Highway 67), on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Located at the exit from the Brownsville Church of the Brethren. Marker is in this post office area: Brownsville MD 21715, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. St. Luke’s Episcopal Church (approx. 0.4 miles away); Brownsville-Burkittsville Pass (approx. one mile away); Forest of Needwood (approx. 1.8 miles away); “Crampton Gap” (approx. 2.3 miles away); Confederate Retreat (approx. 2.3 miles away); John Brown (approx. 2.4 miles away); Kennedy Farm (approx. 2.5 miles away); Frederick County / Washington County (approx. 2.7 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Brownsville.
Categories. • Churches, Etc. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 806 times since then and 139 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.