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Walnut Canyon National Monument in Coconino County, Arizona — The American Mountains (Southwest)
 

An Efficient Design

 
 
An Efficient Design Illustration on Marker image. Click for full size.
By Michael Hampshire, undated
1. An Efficient Design Illustration on Marker
Inscription.

Overhanging ledges protected rooms from snow and rain, and shaded them during summer months. Thick walls of stone and mud insulated them from harsh winds and retained essential heat in winter.

Small doors were covered with animal skins, mats, cotton cloth, or sticks woven together. Air entered at the bottom, circled past a small fire, and carried most of the smoke out a hole above the door.
 
Erected by National Park Service.
 
Location. 35° 10.083′ N, 111° 30.605′ W. Marker is in Walnut Canyon National Monument, Arizona, in Coconino County. Click for map. Marker is along the Island Trail loop, only accessible from the visitor center. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3 Walnut Canyon Road, Flagstaff AZ 86004, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Quest for Water (within shouting distance of this marker); A Days Work (within shouting distance of this marker); Room Functions (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); From Ocean to Alcove (about 400 feet away); A Community Sharing the Land (about 500 feet away); Problem Solving
An Efficient Design Illustration on Marker image. Click for full size.
By Michael Hampshire, undated
2. An Efficient Design Illustration on Marker
(about 600 feet away); What Happened Here? (about 600 feet away); Departure (about 700 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Walnut Canyon National Monument.
 
Also see . . .  Walnut Canyon National Monument. (Submitted on November 25, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. EnvironmentMan-Made FeaturesNative Americans
 
An Efficient Design Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., November 8, 2010
3. An Efficient Design Marker
Room Near An Efficient Design Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., November 8, 2010
4. Room Near An Efficient Design Marker
The National Park Service warns against entering enclosed rooms due to hantavirus and other risks
Room & Ledge Near An Efficient Design Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., November 8, 2010
5. Room & Ledge Near An Efficient Design Marker
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 328 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
 
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