Walnut Canyon National Monument in Coconino County, Arizona — The American Mountains (Southwest)
Despite all it had to offer, in time Walnut Canyon became a difficult place for farmers to live. Drier, colder conditions meant crop failures. More people and diminished resources meant nutritional stress, disease, and conflict.
However, these stressful time brought new means of coping. By 1250, people joined others in bigger villages to the south and east where archeological evidence suggests new beliefs and rituals arose.
"Many reasons are given for clan migration in Hopi traditional history, including drought, famine, cold weather,...disease, warfare,...and natural disasters. However, from a Hopi perspective, the primary reason for migration is the fulfillment of a spiritual covenant....The religious intentionality of Hopi migration receives scant attention in most archeological reconstructions of the past."
From: Nuvatukya'ovi, Palatsmo niqw Wupatki. Hopi History, Culture, and Landscape by Ferguson and Loma'omvaya, in Sunset Crater Archaeology: The History of a Volcanic Landscape, Synthesis and Conclusions, edited by M. D. Elson; Anthropological Papers, No. 37. Center for Desert Archaeology, Tuscon, 2005.
Erected by National Park Service.
Location. 35° 10.19′ N, 111° 30.553′ Click for map. Marker is along the Island Trail loop, only accessible from the visitor center. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3 Walnut Canyon Road, Flagstaff AZ 86004, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. What Happened Here? (within shouting distance of this marker); Migration is not abandonment. (within shouting distance of this marker); The Perfect Shelter (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); A Community Sharing the Land (about 300 feet away); Problem Solving (about 400 feet away); Tension and Harmony (about 400 feet away); Cliff Homes and Canyon Life (about 500 feet away); A Complex Community (about 500 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Walnut Canyon National Monument.
Also see . . . Walnut Canyon National Monument. (Submitted on November 25, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
Categories. • Agriculture • Environment • Man-Made Features • Native Americans •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page has been viewed 348 times since then and 86 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.