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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Croom in Prince George's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Blown to Atoms

Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail

 
 
Blown to Atoms Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anacostia Trails Heritage Area
1. Blown to Atoms Marker
Inscription. A series of explosions rocked the Patuxent on August 22, 1814. Commodore Joshua Barney’s armed barges had eluded the British until their escape ended in the shallows of the river. His orders were clear: destroy the flotilla to keep it from enemy hands. Barney and 400 of his men headed overland toward Washington. About a hundred stayed behind near Pig Point (just northeast of here). At the first sight of British vessels, they scuttled their own fleet.

Seeing the explosions, the British turned back and landed at nearby Mount Calvert. They hurried to join more than 4,000 troops marching from Benedict. At Upper Marlboro the two branches of British invaders merged, just hours after Barney’s men had marched through the town.

Americans rigged trains of gunpowder to ignite their abandoned flotilla barges, causing a series of deafening explosions.

“Seventeen Vessels...composed this formidable and So much Vaunted Flotilla, Sixteen were in quick Succession blown to atoms and the Seventeenth...was captured.”
– British Vice Admiral Cochrane, August 22, 1814

Places to learn more about the 1814 British invasion:
* National Museum of the U.S. Navy, Washington Navy Yard – Artifacts from flotilla vessel scuttled near Pig Point
* Nottingham – Base for the Chesapeake Flotilla;

Blown to Atoms Marker image. Click for full size.
By F. Robby, August 20, 2013
2. Blown to Atoms Marker
interpretation at Nottingham School
* Mount Calvert Historical and Archaeological Park – Restored 18th century plantation house; archaeological excavations; river access
* Upper Marlboro – 18th-century Darnall’s Chance house museum; tomb of Dr. William Beanes
* Jackson’s Landing, Patuxent River Park – River access; near site where flotilla was scuttled

[side 2] O! say can you see..."

The Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail traces the War of 1812 in the Chesapeake. Along the trail you'll encounter tangible evidence of the war and stories that bring the people and events to life. Discover the far-reaching impacts of the war on this county and the world.

[Side 3] War in the Chesapeake

During the War of 1812 the young United States was embroiled in conflict with Great Britain. From 1812 to 1815 Americans fought to protect their rights and economic independence. They faced superior enemy forces on the homefront and the high seas.

The strategically important Chesapeake Bay region felt the brunt of the war, choked by shipping blockades and ravaged by enemy raids. The events in this region were crucial to the outcome of the war.

Though there was no clear victor at the end of the war, the United States protected its democracy and emerged with heightened
Blown to Atoms Marker image. Click for full size.
By F. Robby, August 20, 2013
3. Blown to Atoms Marker
stature on the world stage.
 
Erected by National Park Service.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail marker series.
 
Location. 38° 46.412′ N, 76° 42.657′ W. Marker is in Croom, Maryland, in Prince George's County. Marker can be reached from McClure Road 0.8 miles south of Mount Calvert Road, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Alternate directions: enter Patuxent River Park from 16000 Croom Airport Rd, go about 1.5 miles and turn right on McClure Road and .1 miles to marker. Marker is in this post office area: Upper Marlboro MD 20772, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Blacksmith Shop (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Duckett Cabin (about 400 feet away); The Sears House (about 500 feet away); Charles Town (approx. 0.7 miles away); First Americans at Mount Calvert (approx. ¾ mile away); Mount Calvert Historical and Archaeological Park (approx. ¾ mile away); Chesapeake Beach Railway (approx. 0.8 miles away); The War of 1812 and the Chesapeake Flotilla (approx. 0.8 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Croom.
 
Additional keywords.
Blown to Atoms Marker image. Click for full size.
By F. Robby, August 20, 2013
4. Blown to Atoms Marker
Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
 
Categories. War of 1812
 
Blown to Atoms Marker image. Click for full size.
By F. Robby, August 20, 2013
5. Blown to Atoms Marker
Blown to Atoms image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 26, 2014
6. Blown to Atoms
Americans rigged trains of gunpowder to ignite their abandoned flotilla barges, causing a series of deafening explosions.
Close-up of Gerry Embleton painting on marker
Mount Calvert image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 26, 2014
7. Mount Calvert
Mount Calvert Historical and Archaeological Park — Restored 18-th century plantation house; archaeological excavations, river access.
Close-up of photo on marker
Upper Marlboro image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 26, 2014
8. Upper Marlboro
18th-century Darnall's Chance house museum; tomb of Dr. William Beanes
Close-up of photo on marker
Jackson's Landing image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 26, 2014
9. Jackson's Landing
Patuxent River Park — River access ,near site where flotilla was scuttled
Close-up of photo on marker
You Are Here image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 26, 2014
10. You Are Here
The Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Close-up of map on marker
Mount Calvert image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 26, 2014
11. Mount Calvert
Seen from Patuxent River Park
Patuxent River image. Click for full size.
By F. Robby, August 20, 2013
12. Patuxent River
View from the marker area.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Anacostia Trails Heritage Area of Hyattsville, Maryland. This page has been viewed 380 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Anacostia Trails Heritage Area of Hyattsville, Maryland.   2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland.   6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11. submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.   12. submitted on , by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland. • F. Robby was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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