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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Mount Vernon in Jefferson County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

State of Illinois v. Illinois Central Railroad

 
 
State of Illinois v. Illinois Central Railroad Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., January 15, 2012
1. State of Illinois v. Illinois Central Railroad Marker
Inscription.

From 1853 until his nomination for the Presidency in 1860, Lincoln was retained as an attorney by the Illinois Central Railroad, the leading corporation in the state. During this period Lincoln handled many cases for the railroad in state and federal court, including several cases before the Illinois Supreme Court.

One of the most important cases Lincoln handled for the Illinois Central was the case he tried before the Supreme Court at this courthouse in November of 1859. The case involved the evaluation of the railroad's property for the assessment of taxes alleged to be due to the State for the year 1857. The Supreme Court ruled in favor of Lincoln and the railroad. Lincoln's victory in this case rescued the railroad from financial ruin. If Lincoln had lost this case, the Illinois Central most likely would have been forced into bankruptcy, which would have been disastrous to the State of Illinois and its economy. The Supreme Court's decision in this case was the last reported decision in which Lincoln was connected as a lawyer.
 
Erected 2008.
 
Location. 38° 19.047′ N, 88° 54.483′ W. Marker is in Mount Vernon, Illinois, in Jefferson County. Marker is on 14th Street north of Main Street when
State of Illinois v. Illinois Central Railroad Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., January 15, 2012
2. State of Illinois v. Illinois Central Railroad Marker
At base of statue
traveling north. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Mount Vernon IL 62864, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Attorney Abraham Lincoln (here, next to this marker); The Illinois Supreme Court in Mt. Vernon (here, next to this marker); The Appellate Court in Mt. Vernon (here, next to this marker); Why Is Lincoln Beardless? (here, next to this marker); Appellate Courthouse (here, next to this marker); War Memorial (approx. mile away); Women Veterans Memorial (approx. half a mile away); Veterans Memorial (approx. 0.7 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Mount Vernon.
 
Also see . . .
1. The Law Practice of Abraham Lincoln: A Narrative Overview. (Submitted on December 10, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Appellate Courthouse History. (Submitted on December 10, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. History of the Illinois Central Railroad (1900). (Submitted on December 10, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
4. Illinois Central Railroad. (Submitted on December 10, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. PoliticsRailroads & Streetcars
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 405 times since then and 21 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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