Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Englishtown in Monmouth County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Mary “Molly” Hays

 
 
Mary “ Molly” Hays Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bryan Olson, circa April 2007
1. Mary “ Molly” Hays Marker
Inscription. "You girls should have been with me at the battle of Monmouth and learned how to load a cannon." - Mary Hays Mcaury to Susan Hackendorn, c. 1830

As the temperature approached 100 degrees, and gunners collapsed from heat exhaustion, a plucky Irish water carrier stepped forward to help work Captain Francis Proctor’s cannon. Memories of her heroism evolved into myth of “Molly Pitcher.”

When the British infantry pursued General Scott’s Continentals across the Sutfin farm, they were stopped by a barrage of canister and grapeshot. Most of the Continental artillery then switched to other targets, leaving Captain Proctor to bombard the battalion of Royal Highlanders pinned down in Derick Sutfin’s cider orchard.

Private Joseph Martin, described watching, as “ A woman…attended with her husband at the piece the whole time. While in the act of reaching a cartridge and having one of her feet as far before the other as she could step, a cannon shot from the enemy passed directly between her legs without doing any other damage than carrying away all the lower part of her petticoat. Looking at it with apparent unconcern, she…continued her occupation.”

The woman was Mary Hays, wife of William Hays, Gunner, Captain Francis Proctor’s company of the Pennsylvania or 4th Continental
Marker on Monmouth Battlefield image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, July 7, 2008
2. Marker on Monmouth Battlefield
Artillery Regiment. After the war, the Hayses settled in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, where, after outliving two husbands Molly died in 1832.
 
Erected by Department of Environmental Protection.
 
Location. 40° 16.856′ N, 74° 19.012′ W. Marker is in Englishtown, New Jersey, in Monmouth County. Click for map. Marker is located on the battlefield hiking trail. Marker is in this post office area: Englishtown NJ 07726, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Battlefield Archaeology (here, next to this marker); An Inspiring Commander in Chief (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Great Cannonade (about 400 feet away); Perrine Hill Spring (about 500 feet away); Molly Hays McCauley (about 500 feet away); Perrine Hill Front Line (about 500 feet away); Washington Resumes the Offensive (approx. 0.2 miles away); Highlanders Decline Combat (approx. 0.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Englishtown.
 
More about this marker. The marker features three photographs showing the operation of a canon.
 
Additional keywords. Monmouth Battlefield
 
Categories. War, US Revolutionary
 
Monmouth Battlefield Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, July 7, 2008
3. Monmouth Battlefield Marker
Mary "Molly" Hays is one of three markers at this location.
Monmouth Battlefield image. Click for full size.
By Bryan Olson, April 2007
4. Monmouth Battlefield
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bryan Olson of Syracuse, New York. This page has been viewed 2,231 times since then and 2 times this year. Last updated on , by Bryan Olson of Syracuse, New York. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Bryan Olson of Syracuse, New York.   2, 3. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   4. submitted on , by Bryan Olson of Syracuse, New York. • Christopher Busta-Peck was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement